武夷山分享 http://blog.sciencenet.cn/u/Wuyishan 中国科学技术发展战略研究院研究员;南京大学信息管理系博导

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概念表现之统一

已有 3343 次阅读 2013-9-17 06:28 |个人分类:图书情报学研究|系统分类:观点评述

概念表现之统一

武夷山

 

昨天上午,正在北京旅游的以色列海法大学情报学家Chaim Zins教授到我所来做了一场报告,介绍其“10大知识支柱分类体系”成果是怎么产生的。下面简介另一位学者的一些认识,其中引用了Chaim Zins的工作。

Knowledge Organization杂志2013年第2期发表Martin G Channon的文章,The Unification of ConceptRepresentationAn Impetus for Scientific Epistemology(概念表现之统一:科学认识论的推动力),文章说到:

 

尽管知识只是间接地与心理学发生关系,但知识在情报学中却受到直接关注。以色列情报学家Zins做过的一次问卷调查中,全世界50位情报学理论学者给情报学下定义的时候,有一半人用了“知识”这个词。事实上,Zins认为,情报学是人类知识基础的6大领域之一。这6大领域是:

知识哲学(认识论);

科学哲学;

科学史;

知识社会学;

科学方法论;

情报学。

认识论领域所适用的方法,基本上是情报学领域已经在使用的,如档案学研究、内容分析等。但是,其他一些方法也在不断涌现出来,尤其是物理学中常用的对称性分析。试图将概念表现统一起来,便可视作对称性分析之应用,该法似乎总是能带来较丰硕的成果。

 

相关阅读

1.      武夷山,以色列情报学家Chaim  Zins对知识组织的看法,http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-1557-271831.html

2.武夷山,Zins的十大知识支柱分类体系,http://blog.sciencenet.cn/home.php?mod=space&uid=1557&do=blog&id=272352

 

原文摘要如下:

For virtually every major category of phenomena, science provides some standard schematic (e.g., the crosssection of the earth). The most notable exception concerns the cosmos as a whole. Project Cosmology www.projectcosmology.net) is devoted to the presentation of such an holistic schematic. This is to be achieved by plotting the standard schematics for constituent phenomena within a three-dimensional coordinate system, time on the vertical axis and space on the other two. This produces a unification of schematics. As is discussed, this approach has the effect of allowing,  more generally, an interactive unification of all graphical concept representations (schematics, graphs, formulae, tables, etc.). The result is a 3D, scientific, graphical user interface (GUI), one that is intended to map all knowledge. It can be characterized as a graphics approach to knowledge organization. It will be for scientific concepts what the Human Genome Projectis to human DNA. The project is having the effect of revealing unnoticed gaps in knowledge, inconsistencies among the different sciences and apparent regularities throughout and across the various disciplines. Any such regularities would be laws relating to laws (i.e., laws relating to knowledge).The project, then, may facilitate the development of scientific epistemology(something already in process). This unification of concept representations is based on a cosmological perspective that provides a one-to-one correspondence between major entity and aspect classifications.




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