王云才的博客分享 http://blog.sciencenet.cn/u/yuncai 太原理工大学 物理与光电工程系教授 wangyc@tyut.edu.cn

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高精度的混沌光时域反射仪(EurekAlert!新闻)

已有 5033 次阅读 2010-6-13 22:46 |个人分类:课题组|系统分类:论文交流| 新闻报道, 光时域反射仪

课题组发明的相关法混沌光时域反射仪有望形成一种新型的光时域反射仪,具有成本低,测量精度高等优点。目前实验室可测量距离75km,精度10cm,成本1万元(正在考虑转让)。下面是EurekAlert!对我们研究的新闻报道(http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2010-06/sicp-cl060310.php

注:EurekAlert!是由美国科学协会(AAAS)主办的,一个向全球发布科学、医学和技术方面的新闻和信息的网站。

Chaotic laser brings out higher precision OTDR

 

Professor Wang Yun Cai and his student Wang An Bang reported a new concept of optical time domain reflectometry (OTDR) based on a chaotic light correlation method. This will be useful for precise fault location in fiber links with high-density events. Their work is reported in Issue 53 (February, 2010) of SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences.

Optical fiber cables often break down due to natural disasters or human destruction . In particular, there are more and more fiber cable breakdowns within a building with the development of local networks and radio over fiber technology. This problem is currently solved by OTDR, the most important tool for fiber fault location. However, the conventional one, based on the pulse-echo method, is not precise enough because of its several meters of spatial resolution and its broad dead zone.

By the use of a chaotic light correlation technique, Dr. Wang and Prof. Wang achieved distance-independent resolutions of 6 cm and 25 km measurable distance for single-mode fiber Although the correlation technique was used in a pseudo-random sequence OTDR to improve the trade-off between resolution and dynamic range in a pulse-echo OTDR, it is still limited by the electronic modulation bandwidth. The use of broadband chaotic light generated from a laser diode rather than pseudo-random optical pulses, reached centimeter accuracy for fiber fault location. Its obvious advantage is that a laser diode with optical feedback can easily generate large-amplitudes and Multi-GHz bandwidth chaotic light signal, without electro-optical modulator.

"This paper reports the first chaotic OTDR experiments, which will be useful for evaluation of optical fibers", said one of our journal reviewers. After Prof. Wang introduced their work at the CHAOS 2009 International Conference held in Chania, Greece (1-5 June, 2009), the chaotic correlation OTDR was considered to be one of three novel applications according to the summary of the international workshop of Chaos Applications in Telecommunications and Sensors, 2009 (The other two are fast pseudorandom bit generation and chaos steganography, by the way) .

"The current research emphasizes the high accuracy of fiber fault location and the next aim is to measure the fiber loss and Rayleigh scatters just as the conventional correlation OTDR does", said Prof. Wang. The achievement of a chaotic correlation OTDR makes it possible for high-accuracy and non-destructive detection of small-size fiber networks.



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