Evolution Dynamics分享 http://blog.sciencenet.cn/u/cunyp



已有 8500 次阅读 2010-11-1 19:23 |个人分类:行行摄摄|系统分类:图片百科| 德国, 科隆, 莱茵河, 科隆大教堂









科隆主教座堂(Kölner Dom,全名Hohe Domkirche St. Peter und Maria),是位于德国科隆的 一座天主教主教座堂,它是科隆市毫无争议的标志性建筑物。157米高的钟楼使得它成为德国第二(仅次于乌尔姆市的乌尔姆主教座堂)、世界第三高的教堂,另外也是世界上第三大的哥特式教堂(前两位是塞维利亚主教座堂米兰主教座堂)。它从13世纪中起建,工程时断时续,至1880 年才 由德皇威廉一世宣告完工,耗时超过600年,直到今日仍然修缮工程不断。艺术史专家认为它完美地结合了所有中世纪哥特式建筑和装饰元素,因此联合国教科文组织1996 年将 其列为世界文化遗产2004 年科 隆主教座堂被列入濒危世界遗产名录2006 年脱 离该名录)。

1880 年1888 年间科隆主教座堂曾是世界上最高的建筑。它至今仍是德国最受欢迎的旅游景点:2001 年有 5百万游客参观了这座教堂,2004 年达到了6百万。


Cologne Cathedral (German: Kölner Dom, officially Hohe Domkirche St. Peter und Maria) is a Roman Catholic church in Cologne, Germany. It is the seat of the Archbishop of Cologne (currently Cardinal Joachim Meisner), and is under the administration of the archdiocese of Cologne. It is renowned as a monument of Christianity, of German Catholicism in particular, of Gothic architecture and of the continuing faith and perseverance of the people of the city in which it stands. It is dedicated to Saint Peter and the Blessed Virgin Mary. The cathedral is a World Heritage Site, one of the best-known architectural monuments in Germany, and Cologne's most famous landmark, described by UNESCO as an "exceptional work of human creative genius".[1] It is visited by 30 thousand people every day.[2]

Construction of Cologne Cathedral began in 1248 and took, with interruptions, until 1880 to complete. It is 144.5 metres long, 86.5 m wide and its towers are approximately 157 m tall.[3] The cathedral is one of the world's largest churches and the largest Gothic church in Northern Europe. For four years, 1880-84, it was the tallest structure in the world, until the completion of the Washington Monument. It has the second-tallest church spires, only surpassed by the single spire of Ulm Minster, completed 10 years later in 1890. Because of its enormous twin spires, it also presents the largest façade of any church in the world. The choir of the cathedral, measured between the piers, also holds the distinction of having the largest height to width ratio of any Medieval church, 3.6:1, exceeding even Beauvais Cathedral which has a slightly higher vault.[4]

Cologne's medieval builders had planned a grand structure to house the reliquary of the Three Kings and fit its role as a place of worship of the Holy Roman Emperor. Despite having been left incomplete during the medieval period, Cologne Cathedral eventually became unified as "a masterpiece of exceptional intrinsic value" and "a powerful testimony to the strength and persistence of Christian belief in medieval and modern Europe".[1]

(上述介绍来自 wiki)



5 刘全慧 傅云义 李学宽 侯成亚 马磊

发表评论 评论 (2 个评论)


Archiver|手机版|科学网 ( 京ICP备07017567号-12 )

GMT+8, 2022-5-20 01:34

Powered by ScienceNet.cn

Copyright © 2007- 中国科学报社