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[小资料] 两次获得诺贝尔奖的科学家们

已有 1414 次阅读 2022-10-6 14:17 |个人分类:科学 - 艺术 - 社会|系统分类:科研笔记

[小资料] 两次获得诺贝尔奖的科学家们

                          

(1)居里夫人 Marie Curie, née Sklodowska

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1903

https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/1903/marie-curie/facts/

https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/1903/summary/

   Prize motivation: “in recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel”

   放射性现象  Prize share: 1/4

                             

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1911

https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/chemistry/1911/summary/

   The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1911 was awarded to Marie Curie, née Sklodowska "in recognition of her services to the advancement of chemistry by the discovery of the elements radium and polonium, by the isolation of radium and the study of the nature and compounds of this remarkable element"

   发现镭和钋元素、分离镭  Prize share: 1/1

                             

(2)莱纳斯·卡尔·鲍林 Linus Pauling

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1954

https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/chemistry/1954/summary/

   The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1954 was awarded to Linus Carl Pauling "for his research into the nature of the chemical bond and its application to the elucidation of the structure of complex substances"

   化学键性质的研究及其在解释复杂物质结构中的应用  Prize share: 1/1

                             

The Nobel Peace Prize 1962

https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/peace/1962/summary/

   The Nobel Peace Prize 1962 was awarded to Linus Carl Pauling "for his fight against the nuclear arms race between East and West"

   反对东西方核军备竞赛  Prize share: 1/1

                               

(3)约翰·巴丁 John Bardeen

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1956

https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/1956/summary/

https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/1956/bardeen/facts/

   Prize motivation: “for their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect”

   半导体的研究和晶体管效应的发现  Prize share: 1/3

                             

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1972

https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/1972/summary/

https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/1972/bardeen/facts/

   Prize motivation: “for their jointly developed theory of superconductivity, usually called the BCS-theory”

   发展的超导理论  Prize share: 1/3

                                          

(4)弗雷德里克·桑格 Frederick Sanger

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1958

https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/chemistry/1958/summary/

   The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1958 was awarded to Frederick Sanger "for his work on the structure of proteins, especially that of insulin"

   蛋白质结构,特别是胰岛素结构的研究  Prize share: 1/1

                             

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1980

https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/chemistry/1980/sanger/facts/

   Prize motivation: “for their contributions concerning the determination of base sequences in nucleic acids”

   核酸碱基序列测定  Prize share: 1/4

                                 

(5)卡尔•巴里•夏普莱斯 Karl Barry Sharpless

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2001

https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/chemistry/2001/summary/

https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/chemistry/2001/sharpless/facts/

   Prize motivation: “for his work on chirally catalysed oxidation reactions”

   手性催化氧化反应  Prize share: 1/2

                             

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2022

https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/chemistry/2022/sharpless/facts/

https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/chemistry/2022/summary/

   Prize motivation: “for the development of click chemistry and bioorthogonal chemistry”

   单击化学和生物正交化学  Prize share: 1/3

                              

参考资料:

[1] 丁香园,2021-10-17,他自掏腰包搞科研,一辈子只做过 3 个课题,竟豪夺 2 次诺奖

https://www.sohu.com/a/495549693_296660

   弗雷德里克·桑格(Frederick Sanger)。

[2] NOBEL PRIZES AND LAUREATES

https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/

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