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什么是real,什么是true ?- Daniel Riley

已有 3013 次阅读 2022-1-6 06:30 |个人分类:解读哥德尔不完全性定理|系统分类:海外观察

什么是real,什么是true?(what is real vs what is true,这个问题听起来可能有些奇怪,它们不是同样的东西吗?在英语中,为了方便起见,我们把这些词交替使用,通常这并没有什么问题;然而,这两者之间有微小但明显的区别。你接下来可能会说:谁在乎呢?好吧,事实证明,这种差异会影响你如何看待自己,看待世界,看待你的心理故事以及更多的东西。现在是绑上安全带,戴上哲学帽子的时候了,。。。


根据许多哲学家的观点,如果某物有实际的存在和实质,那么它就是真实的(real),真实的东西不需要被证明。你的电脑是真实的,你的椅子是真实的,你的桌子是真实的,这些都是存在的东西,不需要解释,大多数人都同意是真实的,这就是现实。


另一方面,真实的东西必有证据和理由无论这些证据和理由是好是坏。但数学是true而不是real的概念,数字10在现实世界中并不存在,你能解释数字10的概念的唯一方法是使用真实的东西(把10个瓶子排成一排,然后说看,10)或者解释数字10的概念。true东西试图反映和解释reality


“what is real vs what is true”进入我们的日常生活时,情况就变得有趣了。


在你的生活中,有许多事情是real,但不是true,主要是你头脑中的故事和你身体中的感觉。


大多数人都曾经感受到从头脑中出来的一连串的想法(通常是负面的),关于他们自己、其他人或一些特定的事情等等,似乎失去了控制,你觉得自己是自己头脑中的旁观者无助地等待着风暴最终自行消退。


大多数人都感受过某种身体形式的焦虑,恶心,肠胃疼痛,头痛,甚至颤抖。


你的想法、你的感觉、你的情绪和你身体里的物理感觉都是real,但它们不是true今日心理学的一篇文章很好地解释了这一点:


这意味着,虽然思想确实在发生,而且有一个real生物化学过程伴随着它们,但它们只是我们头脑中的表象,不是这个生命的体验,就像地图不是它所代表的土地一样,我们的想法也不是现实。


我们的思想和感觉更多时候在我们和现实之间创造了一层面纱,使我们无法看到真相(truth),大多数时候,我们甚至不知道这层面纱的存在,这就是当你因为一个转瞬即逝的想法而称自己为坏人,在一场大型演出前胃里的自然咕噜声变成小型崩溃时发生的事情。 realtrue经常被混为一谈。


我们的想法和情绪是真实的它们存在于我们体内但它们并没有告诉我们关于我们是谁或真相究竟是什么,我们倾向于认为思想和情感既是real又是true,但它们只是real


换句话说,事物只有在我们相信它们时才是true无论是相信资本主义还是社会主义制度,相信我们的体重意味着什么,还是相信我们是哪种类型的人。


real东西定格在石头里,但当涉及到我们自己的思想和身体时,就要靠我们自己去发现真相(truth)了。



本文翻译自:https://medium.com/@daniel_riley/what-is-real-vs-what-is-true-47abe3ac156


What Is Real vs What Is True


The question of what is real vs what is true may seem like a strange one to ask. They’re both the same thing, right? In the English language, we use these words interchangeably for convenience and usually, there isn’t much of an issue with that. However, there is a small but distinct difference between the two. The next question you might ask is: Who cares? Well, it turns out that the difference influences how you see yourself, how you see the world, your internal narrative and much more. It’s time to strap in and put your philosophy hat on…


According to many philosophers, something is real if it has actual existence and substance. Something that is real does not need to be proven. Your computer is real. Your chair is real. Your table is real. These are things that are there, don’t need explaining and most people agree are real. It is reality.


On the other hand, something that is true has to derive from evidence and reason — however good or bad that evidence and reason is. Mathematics is a concept that is true but not real. The number ten doesn’t exist in the real world. The only way you can explain the concept of the number ten is by using real things (line ten bottles up and say “look, ten!”) or by explaining the concept of the number ten. Something that is true attempts to reflect and interpret reality.


Where it gets interesting though is when ‘what is real vs what is true’ enters our daily lives.


Real but Not True


There are many things in your life that are real but not true. The main ones are the stories in your head and the feelings in your body.


Most people at one time have felt a cascade of thoughts (often negative ones) falling through their heads about themselves, other people or some specific thing that seem to spiral out of control. All of this while you feel like the bystander in your own head — helpless as you wait for the storm to eventually subside on its own.


Most people have felt some sort of anxiety in the physical form. Nausea, gut-wrenching pains, headaches or even trembling.


Your thoughts, your feelings, your emotions and the physical sensations in your body are all real, but they are not true. An article from Psychology Today explains this well:


What this means is that, while thoughts are really happening and there is a real biochemistry that accompanies them, they are only representations in our mind. They are not the experience of this living moment. Just like a map is not the territory that it represents, our thoughts are not reality.


Our thoughts and feelings — more often than not — create a veil between us and reality. This veil prevents us from seeing the truth and most of the time, we don’t even know the veil is there. This is what happens when you call yourself a bad person for a fleeting thought that you had. It’s what happens when natural gurgles in the stomach before a big performance turn into a mini breakdown. The real and the true frequently get mixed up in a hot mess.


Our thoughts and emotions are real — they exist inside of us — but they don’t tell us anything about who we are or what truth actually is. We tend to think of thoughts and emotions as both real and true, but they are only real.


In other words, things are true only to the extent that we believe them to be — whether that be belief in a capitalist or socialist system, belief in what our weight means or belief in the type of person that we are.


Things that are real are set in stone but when it comes to our own minds and bodies, it is up to us to discover what the truth actually is.




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