||

My work: *Discussion on Mass in a Gravitational Field *has been published on International Journal of Physics, 2013, Vol. 1, No. 5, 110-114

http://pubs.sciepub.com/ijp/1/5/3/index.html

The work proposes: Mass of an object decreases with it close to the center of a gravitational field.

△U = △mc^2

Where U is potential energy, m is mass, c is light speed

We wish the hypothesis provides some ideas for the gravitational singularity, and make the meaning of gravity more accessible. For three years, I really appreciate that many Editors help to improve my work, and sincerely thank for that scientists worldwide examine my work carefully, their opinions are very precious, and have led to significant improvements. I must say thanks again. I respond editors, and try to explore the prospect of the work so that motivate new ideas.

The work also appears on

http://www.paper.edu.cn/index.php/default/releasepaper/content/201012-174

And http://vixra.org/abs/1011.0075

△U=△mc^2

U-势能，m-质量，c-光速

我们试图回应编辑，展望一设想前景以激发新的思路。

我们试图回应编辑，展望一设想前景以激发新的思路。

)

********

I do not know how to choose a journal. I show some of comments for reference. Perhaps, the valuable comments can help us to think about some issues.

Some results in 2011

Initial Data Submitted 27 Jul 2011(We omit the submission process).

Editor's decision: 22 Sep 2011

Dear Dr. Zhan Likui,

I have received the decision from the Editor on your manuscript, IJTP5102 "Is Mass Constant in a Gravitational Field?"

We thank you for your kind offer to let us publish your manuscript, but regret to inform you that we have decided not to accept your offer. The paper did not undergo technical review and is not being declined for any technical error. We wish you every success in finding an alternative place of publication.

With best regards,

International Journal of Theoretical Physics

( ) Editor in Chief

********

Submission Data 26th January 2011

(We appreciate the improvements that the Editors have proposed ).

Editor's decision: 7th March 2011

Dear Dr Likui,

Many thanks for your submission to Scientific Reports. However, we regret that we cannot consider it for publication.

Thank you for the opportunity to consider your work. I am sorry that we cannot be more positive on this occasion. Best regards,

( ) Editorial Board Member

Scientific Reports

********

Early comments:

In the present case, we appreciate that your study of gravitation may provoke useful discussion with others working in this area of physics. But I regret that we are unable to conclude that the paper provides the sort of solid conceptual advance in scientific understanding that we look for, for publication in Nature Physics -- one that would be likely to excite the immediate interest of researchers in a broad range of other areas of physics. We therefore feel that the present paper would find a more appropriate outlet in a specialist journal, rather than Nature Physics.

I am sorry that we cannot respond more positively, and I hope that you will rapidly receive a more favourable response elsewhere.

Yours sincerely

( ) Chief Editor, Nature Physics

********

Dear Dr. LiKui,

We regret to inform you that the above referenced manuscript is not considered suitable for publication in the Physical Review. As a family of research journals, the Physical Review publishes articles in which significant advances in physics are reported. Such advances must be placed in the context of recent developments in research. There is no discussion in your manuscript of how this work relates to other current physics research and adequate references to the recent research literature are lacking.

Your manuscript therefore is too pedagogical for the Physical Review. We must suggest that you submit it to another, more suitable journal.

Yours sincerely,

( )

Physical Review A

********I append a referee to respond to our readers:********

Submission Data 01-Oct-2010

Dear Dr. Likui,

Your manuscript entitled "Is Mass Constant in a Gravitational Field?" has been successfully submitted online and is presently being given full consideration for publication in Annalen der Physik.

Your manuscript number is andp.201000128. Please mention this number in all future correspondence regarding this submission.

You can view the status of your manuscript at any time by checking your Author Center after logging into http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/andp . If you have difficulty using this site, please click the 'Get Help Now' link at the top right corner of the site.

Thank you for submitting your manuscript to Annalen der Physik.

Sincerely,

( ) Editorial Office, Annalen der Physik

Editor's decision: 8-Nov-2010

Dear Dr. Likui,

I write you in regards to Manuscript ID andp.201000128 entitled "Is Mass Constant in a Gravitational Field?" which you submitted to Annalen der Physik.

In view of the criticisms found at the bottom of this letter, your manuscript has been definitely denied publication in Annalen der Physik.

Thank you for considering Annalen der Physik for the publication of your research.

Sincerely,

( ) Editor, Annalen der Physik

REFEREE(S)' COMMENTS TO AUTHOR:

Reviewer: 1

Comments to the Author (note this will be transmitted to the Author)

The paper is incorrect and mixes up a number of concepts.

(i) The rest mass is a local concept in special relativity. For particle with nonzero rest mass, in the locality of any world point (4-dimentional space-time point), general relativity reduced to special relativity, and one could use special relativity to treat problems. In special relativity, one is allowed to use any noninertial frame to treat any problem according to convenience. In special relativity, rest mass of a particle is constant and rest mass of photon is constrained by experiments to be nearly zero (See, Photon and Graviton Mass Limits by Alfred Scharff Goldhaber and Michael Martin Nieto, Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 939-979 (2010)).

(ii) Another concept is energy. Energy is a concept in special relativity. It is not a scalar, but the time component of a vector. Therefore it depends on frames. In general relativity, there is no general concept of energy for an extended system. Only in special situations, a working (effective) energy concept can be defined (for example, isotropic homogeneous universe, average energy density for gravitational waves for length scale larger than the typical wavelength of gravitational waves and smaller than the curvature radius). (See Misner, Thorne, Wheeler: Gravitation 1973). In general relativity, there could be a useful concept of quasi-local energy; Please see arXiv:0909.2754, Optimal Choices of Reference for Quasi-local Energy by Chiang-Mei Chen, Jian-Liang Liu, James M. Nester, Ming-Fan Wu,and references therein.

(iii) The author sometimes mixed up coordinate velocity with physical velocity. In defining physical velocity, one needs to first define consistently the clocks and rods.

A few specific points:

p.2 Photon propagation equation is needed for photon energy from one place to the other place, this is lacking in the manuscripts

p.4 For the formulas on this page, force also needs to be transformed.

“The law of conservation of energy states that energy can be transferred from one form to another but cannot be vreated or destroyed”; this is true in special relativity; in the general situation in general relativity, this statement cannot even be formulated.

How to lift an object needs to be formulated.

********

We are grateful the editors and the reviewers.

In view of general relativity has been referred in the past, we come to realize the work is not incompatible with general relativity. we try to express our view. General relativity based on local reference frame. And a local experiment always gets the same results. The work based on a reference point in outer space. For example, change of a clock could not be found in local experiments in a gravitational field, however, change of a clock in different radius in a gravitational field can be found from outer space. We suggest that concept of external work might be easy to understand. The two are not contradictory. For example, light from centre of a galaxy has more redshift. Similarly, more external work is needed when a satellite comes from the centre of the galaxy. It might be beneficial to develop theory of gravity. I am sorry I cannot express myself in English very well.

********

I do not know how to choose a journal. I show some of comments for reference. Perhaps, the valuable comments can help us to think about some issues.

Some results in 2011

Initial Data Submitted 27 Jul 2011(We omit the submission process).

Editor's decision: 22 Sep 2011

Dear Dr. Zhan Likui,

I have received the decision from the Editor on your manuscript, IJTP5102 "Is Mass Constant in a Gravitational Field?"

We thank you for your kind offer to let us publish your manuscript, but regret to inform you that we have decided not to accept your offer. The paper did not undergo technical review and is not being declined for any technical error. We wish you every success in finding an alternative place of publication.

With best regards,

International Journal of Theoretical Physics

( ) Editor in Chief

********

Submission Data 26th January 2011

(We appreciate the improvements that the Editors have proposed ).

Editor's decision: 7th March 2011

Dear Dr Likui,

Many thanks for your submission to Scientific Reports. However, we regret that we cannot consider it for publication.

Thank you for the opportunity to consider your work. I am sorry that we cannot be more positive on this occasion. Best regards,

( ) Editorial Board Member

Scientific Reports

********

Early comments:

In the present case, we appreciate that your study of gravitation may provoke useful discussion with others working in this area of physics. But I regret that we are unable to conclude that the paper provides the sort of solid conceptual advance in scientific understanding that we look for, for publication in Nature Physics -- one that would be likely to excite the immediate interest of researchers in a broad range of other areas of physics. We therefore feel that the present paper would find a more appropriate outlet in a specialist journal, rather than Nature Physics.

I am sorry that we cannot respond more positively, and I hope that you will rapidly receive a more favourable response elsewhere.

Yours sincerely

( ) Chief Editor, Nature Physics

********

Dear Dr. LiKui,

We regret to inform you that the above referenced manuscript is not considered suitable for publication in the Physical Review. As a family of research journals, the Physical Review publishes articles in which significant advances in physics are reported. Such advances must be placed in the context of recent developments in research. There is no discussion in your manuscript of how this work relates to other current physics research and adequate references to the recent research literature are lacking.

Your manuscript therefore is too pedagogical for the Physical Review. We must suggest that you submit it to another, more suitable journal.

Yours sincerely,

( )

Physical Review A

********I append a referee to respond to our readers:********

Submission Data 01-Oct-2010

Dear Dr. Likui,

Your manuscript entitled "Is Mass Constant in a Gravitational Field?" has been successfully submitted online and is presently being given full consideration for publication in Annalen der Physik.

Your manuscript number is andp.201000128. Please mention this number in all future correspondence regarding this submission.

You can view the status of your manuscript at any time by checking your Author Center after logging into http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/andp . If you have difficulty using this site, please click the 'Get Help Now' link at the top right corner of the site.

Thank you for submitting your manuscript to Annalen der Physik.

Sincerely,

( ) Editorial Office, Annalen der Physik

Editor's decision: 8-Nov-2010

Dear Dr. Likui,

I write you in regards to Manuscript ID andp.201000128 entitled "Is Mass Constant in a Gravitational Field?" which you submitted to Annalen der Physik.

In view of the criticisms found at the bottom of this letter, your manuscript has been definitely denied publication in Annalen der Physik.

Thank you for considering Annalen der Physik for the publication of your research.

Sincerely,

( ) Editor, Annalen der Physik

REFEREE(S)' COMMENTS TO AUTHOR:

Reviewer: 1

Comments to the Author (note this will be transmitted to the Author)

The paper is incorrect and mixes up a number of concepts.

(i) The rest mass is a local concept in special relativity. For particle with nonzero rest mass, in the locality of any world point (4-dimentional space-time point), general relativity reduced to special relativity, and one could use special relativity to treat problems. In special relativity, one is allowed to use any noninertial frame to treat any problem according to convenience. In special relativity, rest mass of a particle is constant and rest mass of photon is constrained by experiments to be nearly zero (See, Photon and Graviton Mass Limits by Alfred Scharff Goldhaber and Michael Martin Nieto, Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 939-979 (2010)).

(ii) Another concept is energy. Energy is a concept in special relativity. It is not a scalar, but the time component of a vector. Therefore it depends on frames. In general relativity, there is no general concept of energy for an extended system. Only in special situations, a working (effective) energy concept can be defined (for example, isotropic homogeneous universe, average energy density for gravitational waves for length scale larger than the typical wavelength of gravitational waves and smaller than the curvature radius). (See Misner, Thorne, Wheeler: Gravitation 1973). In general relativity, there could be a useful concept of quasi-local energy; Please see arXiv:0909.2754, Optimal Choices of Reference for Quasi-local Energy by Chiang-Mei Chen, Jian-Liang Liu, James M. Nester, Ming-Fan Wu,and references therein.

(iii) The author sometimes mixed up coordinate velocity with physical velocity. In defining physical velocity, one needs to first define consistently the clocks and rods.

A few specific points:

p.2 Photon propagation equation is needed for photon energy from one place to the other place, this is lacking in the manuscripts

p.4 For the formulas on this page, force also needs to be transformed.

“The law of conservation of energy states that energy can be transferred from one form to another but cannot be vreated or destroyed”; this is true in special relativity; in the general situation in general relativity, this statement cannot even be formulated.

How to lift an object needs to be formulated.

********

We are grateful the editors and the reviewers.

In view of general relativity has been referred in the past, we come to realize the work is not incompatible with general relativity. we try to express our view. General relativity based on local reference frame. And a local experiment always gets the same results. The work based on a reference point in outer space. For example, change of a clock could not be found in local experiments in a gravitational field, however, change of a clock in different radius in a gravitational field can be found from outer space. We suggest that concept of external work might be easy to understand. The two are not contradictory. For example, light from centre of a galaxy has more redshift. Similarly, more external work is needed when a satellite comes from the centre of the galaxy. It might be beneficial to develop theory of gravity. I am sorry I cannot express myself in English very well.

In fact, We have received an offer from famous journal once, later, significant revisions have be requested. I am sorry for my radical response on this occasion.

The notion of gravitational singularity is constantly changing.

https://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-38093-511740.html

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