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关于森林破碎化工具的使用

已有 2078 次阅读 2020-4-6 11:15 |系统分类:科研笔记| Forest

工具下载链接:https://clear.uconn.edu/tools/lft/lft2/data.htm



相关论文:https://www.peertechz.com/articles/JCEES-2-110.php






原理:非森林类型在森林区出现是造成森林破碎化的原因,该工具将破碎化分为以下四种类型:块(patch)、边缘(edge)、穿孔(perforated)和核心(core)



Vogt et al. (2007) developed an improved method for classifying forest fragmentation. The Landscape Fragmentation Tool v2.0 uses an equivalent procedure that takes advantage of the capabilities of ArcGIS. As a result, the LFT v2.0 is able to perform the fragmentation analysis in an efficient and intuitive manner and yet generate identical results to the procedure used by Vogt et al. (2007). Although originally intended for forest fragmentation analysis, the LFT v2.0 is also applicable to any land cover type of interest. Below, we describe the procedure used by the LFT v2.0.

LFT v2.0 classifies a land cover type of interest into 4 main categories - patch, edge, perforated, and core. The core category is further divided into small core, medium core, and large core based on the area of the core tract. The main categories are defined based on an edge width parameter. Many studies have documented the degradation of forests or grasslands along the edges of disturbances. The edge width indicates the distance over which a fragmenting land cover (i.e. urban) can degrade the land cover of interest (i.e. forest). The width of 'edge effects' varies with the species or issue being studied and can range from 25 meters to several hundred meters. An edge width of 100 meters is often used for general purpose analyses. The sub-classification of core pixels is based on studies of forest ecology. These studies have found that the area of a forest tract impacts its viability in terms of supporting wildlife. Larger forest patches are more likely to support greater numbers of interior forest species. The core subdivisions used in LFT v2.0 are based on a summary of the relevant scientific literature done by Natural Resources Canada.

Assuming 1) an edge width of 100 meters, 2) forest is the land cover type of interest, and 3) urban is the fragmenting land cover...

  • core pixels are any forest pixels that are more than 100 meters from the nearest urban pixel

    • small core patches have an area of less than 250 acres

    • medium core patches have an area between 250 and 500 acres

    • large core patches have an area greater than 500 acres

  • patch pixels are within a small forest fragment that does not contain any core forest pixels

  • perforated and edge forests are with 100 meters of urban pixels but are part of a tract containing core pixels:

    • edge pixels are along the outside edge of the forest tract

    • perforated pixels are along the edge of small forest gaps

See Parent and Hurd (2008) for a detailed description of the procedures used by LFT v2.0



使用方法: 这个工具提供了两个版本,一个是需要开启空间分析功能的,一个是不需要的,我选择了需要空间分析功能的(在arcgis使用时,需要打开spatial analyst工具条)。


1 加载工具箱:右键arcgis工具箱,添加工具,找到工具箱,添加



2 打开工具箱,找到要分析的数据。这里的数据格式应为tif格式,属性字段为1(非森林),2(森林),这个必须要改,可以重分类(reclassify)实现。要实在不想改,就去工具箱里把那个py文件里面,读取栅格属性的1和2,改成0和1或者其他你想代表的非森林和森立的数值。


3 主要就一个参数,就是那个edge width,一般设置为100m就够了,




注意事项:


(1)都是用英文路径,包括数据存放地址、工作空间以及输出位置


(2)使用.mdb或者.gdb作为输出存放的位置


(3)打开py文件你会发现它的临时文件存放在C盘FragData文件夹下面,这是默认的,我的C空间不够(我的区域大,临时文件最大有80G+),我在py文件里改到了D盘


(4)注意运行工具时,在环境(environment)里面把工作路径和临时文件存放路径都设置一致
























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