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挣钱越多越幸福

已有 2786 次阅读 2022-2-1 15:21 |系统分类:生活其它

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美国科学院院刊(PNAS)去年一月份发表了一篇文章,很有趣,文章名:即使超过75000美元/年,体验到的幸福感随收入增加,这篇文章值得简单介绍两句:

Experienced well-being rises with income, even above $75,000 per year

PNAS January 26, 2021 118 (4) e2016976118; https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2016976118

Abstract

What is the relationship between money and well-being? Research distinguishes between two forms of well-being: people’s feelings during the moments of life (experienced well-being) and people’s evaluation of their lives when they pause and reflect (evaluative well-being). Drawing on 1,725,994 experience-sampling reports from 33,391 employed US adults, the present results show that both experienced and evaluative well-being increased linearly with log(income), with an equally steep slope for higher earners as for lower earners. There was no evidence for an experienced well-being plateau above $75,000/y, contrary to some influential past research. There was also no evidence of an income threshold at which experienced and evaluative well-being diverged, suggesting that higher incomes are associated with both feeling better day-to-day and being more satisfied with life overall.

简单说一下文章的结论:即使超过年薪7.5万美元的临界线,随着收入的增加,幸福也会随之线性地增加。作者调查了大量人员(33391人),获得大量样本数据(1725994),然后得出这个结论。我比较相信这个结论,如果回到中国通过问卷估计也是这个结果。钱真的很重要!

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这张图很直观,随着收入增加,生活满意度与感觉幸福都随着收入增加而快速提高!

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这张图也很有趣,大体意思是说:随着收入增加积极情感会随之增加,而消极情感会随之降低(灰线)。【谢谢文老师指出,又看了一段作者的相关文字,感觉这么理解应该靠谱】超过收入临界线以后,好心情会随收入而增加,坏心情则随之减少。

这篇文章的作者是


Matthew A. Killingsworth (马修●基林沃斯),这哥们是研究幸福的,关于他的信息如下:

Matt Killingsworth, Ph.D., is a Robert Wood Johnson Health and Society Scholar. He studies the nature and causes of human happiness, and is the creator of www.trackyourhappiness.org which uses smartphones to study happiness in real-time during everyday life. His recent research has focused on the relationship between happiness and the content of everyday experiences, the percentage of everyday experiences that are intrinsically valuable, and the degree of congruence between the causes of momentary happiness and of one’s overall satisfaction with life. Matt earned his Ph.D. in psychology at Harvard University.

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他从哈佛大学获得心理学博士学位。目前供职于宾夕法尼亚大学沃顿学院(The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania)

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我挺喜欢美国人的研究风格,从日常生活出发,很接地气,然后得出一些对现实生活有指导意义的研究。

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今天是大年初一,祝各位朋友新年快乐,2022年努力工作,努力挣钱,提升每个人的幸福感!

摘录他文章中的一段分享:

Results and Discussion

What was the observed relationship between income and well-being? Larger incomes were robustly associated with both greater experienced well-being and greater evaluative well-being. Moreover, the shape of the relationship between log(income) and experienced well-being was strikingly linear: There was no observed plateau in experienced well-being, and there was no obvious change in slope of experienced well-being or divergence between experienced well-being and evaluative well-being, either around $75,000/y or at any other income level (Fig. 1). Regression results confirm that people with larger incomes reported both higher levels of evaluative well-being and higher levels of experienced well-being (both values of P < 0.00001).

大概意思:

结果和讨论

观察到的收入和幸福感之间的关系是什么?更高的收入与更高的体验幸福感和更高的评估幸福感密切相关。此外,对数(收入)和体验幸福感之间的关系呈显著的线性关系:体验幸福感中没有观察到临界线(平台),体验幸福感的斜率没有明显变化,体验幸福感和评价幸福感之间也没有差异,大约75000美元/年或任何其他收入水平(图1)。回归结果证实,收入较高的人报告的评估幸福感的水平较高,体验幸福感的水平也较高(两个值均P<0.00001)。

说明:文中图片来自网络,没有任何商业目的,仅供欣赏,特此致谢!

2022-2-1于南方临屏涂鸦



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