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A Global Analysis of Alternative Splicing of Dichocarpum

已有 1341 次阅读 2022-6-16 05:28 |系统分类:博客资讯

A Global Analysis of Alternative Splicing of Dichocarpum Medicinal Plants, Ranunculales | Bentham Science (eurekaselect.com)

The multiple isoforms are often generated from a single gene via Alternative Splicing (AS) in plants, and the functional diversity of the plant genome is significantly increased. Despite well-studied gene functions, the specific functions of isoforms are little known, therefore, the accurate prediction of isoform functions is exceedingly wanted.

Methods: Here we perform the first global analysis of AS of Dichocarpum, a medicinal genus of Ranunculales, by utilizing full-length transcriptome datasets of five Chinese endemic Dichocarpum taxa. Multiple software were used to identify AS events, the gene function was annotated based on seven databases, and the protein-coding sequence of each AS isoform was translated into an amino acid sequence. The self-developed software DIFFUSE was used to predict the functions of AS isoforms.

Results: Among 8,485 genes with AS events, the genes with two isoforms were the most (6,038), followed by those with three isoforms and four isoforms. Retained intron (RI, 551) was predominant among 1,037 AS events, and alternative 3' splice sites and alternative 5' splice sites were second. The software DIFFUSE was effective in predicting functions of Dichocarpum isoforms, which have not been unearthed. When compared with the sequence alignment-based database annotations, DIFFUSE performed better in differentiating isoform functions. The DIFFUSE predictions on the terms GO:0003677 (DNA binding) and GO: 0010333 (terpene synthase activity) agreed with the biological features of transcript isoforms.

Conclusion: Numerous AS events were for the first time identified from full-length transcriptome datasets of five Dichocarpum taxa, and functions of AS isoforms were successfully predicted by the selfdeveloped software DIFFUSE. The global analysis of Dichocarpum AS events and predicting isoform functions can help understand the metabolic regulations of medicinal taxa and their pharmaceutical explorations.

Keywords: alternative splicing, 人字果Dichocarpumisoform functionDNA sequencegene expression profiledeep learning


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