已有 1607 次阅读 2020-12-14 18:19 |个人分类:科学感想|系统分类:人文社科

科学与宗教信仰之间的冲突,在于他们用什么方法来决定什么是真实的,什么是真相结果:这些都是方法论和结果的冲突。(The conflict between science and faith, then, rests on the methods they use to decide what is true, and what truths result: These are conflicts of both methodology and outcome.)
科学为我们用来寻找有关宇宙真理的一套工具,理解这些真理是暂时的,而不是绝对的。这些工具包括观察自然,构建和测试假说,尽最大努力证明你的假设是错误的以测试你对假说正确的信心,做实验,最重要的是复制你和其他人的结果,以增加你的推论的信心。(My argument runs like this. I’ll construe “science” as the set of tools we use to find truth about the universe, with the understanding that these truths are provisional rather than absolute. These tools include observing nature, framing and testing hypotheses, trying your hardest to prove that your hypothesis is wrong to test your confidence that it’s right, doing experiments and above all replicating your and others’ results to increase confidence in your inference.)

与科学方法不同,宗教不是根据经验来判明真理,而是通过教条、经文和权威——换句话说,通过信仰,在《希伯来书11》中被定义为“所希望的事物的实质,看不见的事物的证据”。对于科学,没有证据的信仰是一种罪恶,而对宗教它是一种美德。(In contrast to the methods of science, religion adjudicates truth not empirically, but via dogma, scripture and authority – in other words, through faith, defined in Hebrews 11 as “the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.” In science, faith without evidence is a vice, while in religion it’s a virtue.)

要意识到宗教和科学都是建立在关于宇宙的“真理陈述”之上的——关于现实的主张。宗教的大厦不同于科学,因为宗教还通过额外处理道德、目的和意义,但即使这些领域也需要奠基在经验主张的基础上。(Next, realize that both religion and science rest on “truth statements” about the universe – claims about reality. The edifice of religion differs from science by additionally dealing with morality, purpose and meaning, but even those areas rest on a foundation of empirical claims.)

Yes, there is a war between science and religion

Yes, there is a war between science and religion

Yes, there is a war between science and religion



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