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ABBS: Heterogeneity of perivascular adipose tissues

已有 1064 次阅读 2019-8-2 14:17 |个人分类:期刊新闻|系统分类:论文交流| heterogeneity

Gene expression profiling reveals heterogeneity of perivascular adipose tissues surrounding coronary and internal thoracic arteries

Danbo Lu, Wei Wang, Limin Xia, Pu Xia, and Yan Yan

Department of Cardiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China

Acta Biochim Biophys Sin 2017, 49: 1075–1082; doi: 10.1093/abbs/gmx113

The internal thoracic artery (ITA) that differs from coronary artery (CA), rarely develops atherosclerosis. Understanding the mechanism underlying such a difference will help to pave a new way to the prevention and treatment of the disease. We hypothesize herein that the difference in susceptibility to atherosclerosis between CA and ITA is attributable to the heterogeneity of perivascular adipose tissues (PVATs) surrounding these two kinds of arteries, i.e. PVAT-CA and PVAT-ITA. We isolated PVAT from eight patients of coronary heart disease (CHD) and four non-CHD patients. Gene expression patterns were analyzed by using Agilent whole gene expression profile chips. By comparison between PVAT-CA and PVAT-ITA, we identified 2053 differentially expressed genes, of which 1042 were up-regulated and 1011 were down-regulated, respectively, in CHD group. KEGG pathway and gene ontology (GO) analysis revealed that those differentially expressed genes related to inflammation, lipid metabolism and myocardial processes were particularly noted in the CHD group, but not in non-CHD. Several selected genes, including interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2), Toll-interleukin 1 receptor domain containing adaptor protein (TIRAP), serum amyloid A2 (SAA2), and Leptin were validated by real-time PCR analysis. The results showed that the expression levels of IL-1β, IL-6, and Leptin were significantly higher in PVAT-CA than in PVAT-ITA (P = 0.016, 0.021, and 0.018) in CHD patients. Levels of TLR2, TIRAP, and SAA2 expression were also higher in PVAT-CA, however no significant difference was observed (P = 0.054, 0.092, and 0.058). In conclusion, our findings demonstrate differential gene expression patterns between PVAT-CA and PVAT-ITA, revealing a high heterogeneity in PVAT. Particularly, those genes related to inflammation, lipid metabolism and myocardial processes are differentially expressed in PVAT-CA and PVAT-ITA in CHD patients, suggesting an important role of PVAT in the development of coronary atherosclerosis.


Differential gene expression patterns between PVAT-CA and PVAT-ITA in CHD patients




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3 The role of epicardial and perivascular adipose tissue in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease

4 The role of perivascular adipose tissue in obesity-induced vascular dysfunction

5 Production of chemokines by perivascular adipose tissue - A role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis?

6 Perivascular Adipose Tissue in Vascular Function and Disease A Review of Current Research and Animal Models

7 Vasodilator signals from perivascular adipose tissue

8 Perivascular adipose tissue inflammation in vascular disease


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