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枣掌铁甲(Platypria melli) [配彩图]

已有 4666 次阅读 2014-4-27 21:23 |个人分类:Miners 潜叶虫|系统分类:论文交流| 昆虫, insect, leafminer, 潜叶虫

廖承清,徐家生,戴小华*,赵小林. 2014. 枣掌铁甲生物学特性研究. 北方园艺, (3): 118-120.


摘要:通过野外采集和室内饲养的方法,对枣掌铁甲的生物学特性,包括其寄主植物、潜道特

征、各虫态特征及其生活史进行了系统研究。结果表明:枣掌铁甲在江西省井冈山地区1a发生

1代,以幼虫潜食鼠李科枳椇叶片,老熟幼虫在叶脉处形成U型蛹室准备化蛹;枣掌铁甲形成不规则

斑块状潜道,严重影响叶片的光合作用。该研究可为枣掌铁甲的预报和防治提供理论基础。

关键词:枣掌铁甲;生物学特性;枳椇;潜叶昆虫


Study on the Biological Characteristics of Platypria melli

LIAO Cheng-qing1, XU Jia-sheng1, DAI Xiao-hua1,2,*, ZHAO Xiao-lin1

(1.Schoolof Life and Environmental Science, Gannan Normal University, Ganzhou, Jiangxi341000; 2.National Navel-orange Engineering Research Center, Ganzhou, Jiangxi341000; *Corresponding author)

Abstract: Biological characteristics of Platypria melli Uhmann (Coleopotera: Hispidae) were systematically studied and their host plant, leaf mine, larva morphology, pupa morphology and life history were described in detail. The results showed that it had one generation per year in Jingangshan of Jiangxi, P. melli larva mined in the leaves of Hoveniaacerba Lindl.(Rhamnaceae) and mature larva would make a U-shape mine near main vein to pupate. P. melli made irregular blotch mines, which seriously affected leaf photosynthesis. Theoretical bases had been provided for the prediction and control of P. melli.

Key words: Platypria melli; biological characteristics; Hovenia acerba;leaf-mining insects


全文链接:http://jour.blyun.com/views/specific/3004/JourDetail.jsp?dxNumber=100300820156&d=77E012EB0508AFAE077FA856A3DB9E18&s=枣掌铁甲生物学特性研究&ecode=utf-8

 

原文只有黑白图,现将彩图附上



1 枣掌铁甲各虫态

注:a:枳椇叶片上老熟幼虫潜道形态;b:初期幼虫;c:老熟幼虫;d:预蛹;e:蛹;f:初羽化成虫;g:羽化完全成虫;h:老熟幼虫在叶脉附近形成新潜道并准备化蛹;iU型蛹室。

Fig.1Different stages of Platypria melli

Note: a: Leaf mines of maturelarvae on Hovenia acerba leaves; b: Earlylarva; c: Mature larva; d: Prepupa; e:Pupa; f: Early emerging adult; g: Fullyemerging adult; h: Mature larva makes a new mine near main vein to pupate; i: U-shapepupal chamber.


(致谢:感谢美国Smithsonian研究所自然历史博物馆的Charles L.Staines.Jr.博士帮助鉴定为掌铁甲,赣南师范学院刘仁林博士帮助鉴定寄主植物标本,赣南师范学院潜叶昆虫研究组各位同学协助采集制作标本、扫描潜道叶片和整理寄主植物名录等工作,以及江西井冈山国家级自然保护区提供采集便利)




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