[转载]【JIOHS】Enjoy an Essential Article by Prof. Kambiz Pourrezaei

已有 810 次阅读 2022-10-18 16:56 |系统分类:论文交流|文章来源:转载

We would like to recommend a highlighted article:Assessment of cerebral oxygenation response to hemodialysis using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS): Challenges and solutions, by Prof. Kambiz Pourrezaei, published onJournal of Innovative Optical Health Sciences, DOI:10.1142/S1793545821500164.

Bio of Corresponding Author

Dr. Kambiz Pourrezaei, PhD, is a Professor in the School of Biomedical Engineering, Science and Health Systems at Drexel University and serves as a Principal Investigator and as an Academic Advisory Board Member of The Nanotechnology Institute. He has research interests in the areas of biomedical and pharmaceutical applications of nano- and micro-technology. He is actively researching near infrared (NIR) imaging of biological tissues for breast cancer and brain imaging. His research also involves the use of microtechnology for studying the attachment of proteins and cells to biomaterial surfaces. Dr. Pourrezaei has been working in the area of bio-optics, bio-nanotechnology, and biomedical technology development for several decades and has made many innovative achievements. In addition, he has rich experiences in technology transfer and industrialization.


To date, the clinical use of functional near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to detect cerebral ischemia has been largely limited to surgical settings, where motion artifacts are minimal. In this study, we present novel techniques to address the challenges of using NIRS to monitor ambulatory patients with kidney disease during approximately eight hours of hemodialysis (HD) treatment. People with end-stage kidney disease who require HD are at higher risk for cognitive impairment and dementia than age-matched controls. Recent studies have suggested that HD-related declines in cerebral blood flow might explain some of the adverse outcomes of HD treatment. However, there are currently no established paradigms for monitoring cerebral perfusion in real-time during HD treatment. In this study, we used NIRS to assess cerebral hemodynamic responses among 95 prevalent HD patients during two consecutive HD treatments. We observed substantial signal attenuation in our predominantly Black patient cohort that required probe modifications. We also observed consistent motion artifacts that we addressed by developing a novel NIRS methodology, called the HD cerebral oxygen demand algorithm (HD-CODA), to identify episodes when cerebral oxygen demand might be outpacing supply during HD treatment. We then examined the association between a summary measure of time spent in cerebral deoxygenation, derived using the HD-CODA, and hemodynamic and treatment-related variables. We found that this summary measure was associated with intradialytic mean arterial pressure, heart rate, and volume removal. Future studies should use the HD-CODA to implement studies of real-time NIRS monitoring for incident dialysis patients, over longer time frames, and in other dialysis modalities.

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