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如何写好科技英语300字短文:Part I (Jan 30,2019) 精选

已有 7444 次阅读 2019-1-31 07:00 |个人分类:Scientific Writing|系统分类:教学心得| 科技英语写作

讲课用的textbook: College Writing Skills with Readings, Ninth Edition (美国大学英语写作第九版) by John Langan (available on jd for less than RMB70)。



[You can get a free copy for the 7th edition:

But, it is a very old version.]


Part I: Essay Writing (如何写短文)


1.    An Introduction to Writing (引言)

2.    The Writing Process (写作本身是个过程)

3.    The First and Second Steps in Essay Writing

4.    The Third Step in Essay Writing

5.    The Fourth Step in Essay Writing

6.    Four bases for Revising Essays


Chapter 2: The Writing Process(写作的过程)

Writing a First Draft (写初稿)

Put down any additional thoughts and details. Don’t worry about grammar, punctuation, or spelling. You can even use “do later” as a place holder, if I think you want to write something there, but don’t know what to put down there yet.

Revising (修改)

There are two stages to the revising process:

·      revising content

·      revising sentences


Revising Content

Ask these questions:

1.    Is my essay unified?

2.    Is my essay supported?

3.    Is my essay organized? (Is this a good story? Does the logic flow smoothly?)

Chapters 3-4 will give you practice in achieving unity, support, and organization in your writing.


Revising Sentences

Chapter 5 will give you practice in revising sentences. 


Editing (编辑)

Chapter 5 and Part 4 of this book will serve as a guide to eliminate mistakes in sentence skills. (第4部分是关于语法和“句法”,p403-p492。)

Activities are on p32-p45. 这些练习非常重要,否则你只是“理论上知道”如何写短文。(理论上知道如何游泳的人,不能算会游泳。)

关于revising and editing,再啰嗦几句。一般是作者修改、再修改(revising is the key to strong writing)。中国作者几乎不做editing。(我是Freelance English editor,我的工作是editing/润色。)




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