科学边缘人罗德海教授分享 http://blog.sciencenet.cn/u/ldh 中国科学院大气物理研究所研究员,四川人.研究方向:气候动力学,大气动力学

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一个好科学家的标准是研究论文的质量而不是数量!

已有 6751 次阅读 2013-5-5 21:11 |个人分类:科研心得|系统分类:科研笔记| 标准, 科学家

最近在网上看到说有的科学家一年能发40-50篇甚至60-70篇文章,我不知道这是什么研究领域?就我的研究领域来讲,一年能在国际顶尖刊物上发1-2篇文章已经是非常了不起的事情了。现在我们国家发表论文的数量在世界上排名第二,但高水平的文章并不多。从科学家总数来讲,我们国家的科学家的数量可能要排全球第一,但高水平的科学家的比例可能要倒数第几位。

因此国家的科技政策和评价体系更应鼓励我国科学家脚踏实地开展高水平的原创性的研究,而不是鼓励科学家多发文章,同时淘汰那些低水平的重复研究。

事实上,一个好科学家的标准并不是研究论文的数量而是研究论文的质量。就我的研究领域来讲,美国一流大学的教授一辈子发表的论文超过100篇的也不多见。有的科学大师一辈子发表的论文甚至不超过50篇。例如现代动力气象学之父Jule Gregory Charney教授一辈子只发表了40多篇文章:

个人简历:

Jule Gregory Charney (January 1, 1917 – June 16, 1981) was an American meteorologist who played an important role in developing weather prediction. He developed a set of equations (The Quasi-Geostrophic Vorticity Equation) for calculating the large-scale motions of planetary-scale waves. He gave the first convincing physical explanation for the development of mid-latitude cyclones known as the Baroclinic Instability theory. He is considered the father of modern dynamical meteorology.

论文目录如下

1947 Dynamics of long waves in a baroclinic westerly current, J.Meteor.,  4, 135-162.

1947 On the general circulation of the atmosphere in middlelatitudes. (with C.-G. Rossby et al.) Bull. Amer. Met. Soc.,  28,255-280.

1948 On the scale of atmospheric motions, Geofys.Publikasjoner,  17, 1-17.

1949 On a physical basis for numerical prediction of large-scalemotions in the atmosphere. J. Meteor.,  6, 371-385.

1949 with A. Eliassen: A numerical method for predicting theperturbation of the middle latitude westerlies. Tellus,  1,no. 2, 38-54.

1950 Progress in dynamic meteorology. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 31, 231-236.

1950 with R. Fj�rtoft and J. von Neumann: Numerical integration ofthe barotropic vorticity equation. Tellus,  2, 237-254.

1951 with B. Bolin: Numerical tendency computations from thebarotropic vorticity equation. Tellus,  3, 248-257.

1951 Dynamic forecasting by numerical process. Compendium ofMeteorology, Am. Met. Soc., 470-482.

1951 Reply to "Atmospheric Signal Velocity" by R.S. Scorer, J.Meteor.,  8, 69-70.

1951 Remarks on coordinating meteorological research and weatherforecasting. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc.,  33, 355-364.

1953 with N.A. Phillips: Numerical integration of thequasi-geostrophic equations for barotropic and simple baroclinic flows. J.Meteor.,  10, 71-99.

1954 Numerical prediction of cyclogenesis. Proc. Nat. Acad.of Sci.,  40, 99-110.

1954 Numerical weather prediction. Proc. Workshop on Num.Weather Pred., Amer. Met. Soc.

1955 The use of the primitive equations of motion in numericalprediction. Tellus,  7, 22-26.

1955 The generation of ocean currents by wind. J. Mar. Res., 14, 477-498.

1955 Numerical methods in dynamic meteorology. Proc. Nat.Acad. Sci.,  41, 798-802.

1955 The Gulf Stream as an inertial boundary layer. Proc.Nat. Acad. Sci.,  41, 731-740.

1956 Some basic problems in dynamic meteorology. J. Geophys.Res.,  61, 323-328.

1956 with B. Gilchrist and F. Schuman: The prediction of generalquasigeostrophic motion. J. Meteor.,  13, no. 5.

1959 Hydrodynamics of the atmosphere and numerical weatherprediction: a synthesis. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci.,  45,no. 12, 1650-1655, Dec. 1959.

1959 Non-linear theory of a wind-driven homogeneous layer near theequator. Deep-Sea Research,  6, no. 4, 303-310.

1961 with P.G. Drazin: Propagation of planetary-scale disturbancesfrom the lower into the upper atmosphere. J. Geophys. Res.,  66,no. 1, 83-109.

1962 with M.E. Stern: On the stability of internal baroclinic jets ina rotating atmosphere. J. Atmos. Sci. ,  19,159-172.

1963 A note on large-scale motions in the tropics. J. Atmos.Sci. ,  20, no. 6.

1963 with J. Pedlosky: Propagation of the energy of unstable waves fromthe lower to the upper atmosphere. J. Geophys. Res.,  68,no. 24.

1964 with A. Eliassen: On the growth of the hurricane depression. J.Atmos. Sci.,  21, no. 1, 68-75.

1969 What determines the depth of the planetary boundary layer in aneutral atmosphere? Oceanology, Acad. Sci. USSR,  9,no. 1, 143-145.

1969 A further note on large-scale motions in the tropics. J.Atmos. Sci., 26, no. 1.

1969 with M. Halem. and R. Jastrow: Use of incomplete historical datato infer the present state of the atmosphere. J. Atmos. Sci., 26, 5(2), 1160-1163.

1971 with S. Spiegel: Structure of wind-driven equatorial currents inhomogeneous oceans. J. Phys. Ocean.,  1, 149-160.

1971 Geostrophic turbulence. J. Atmos. Sci.,  28,6.

1973 Movable CISK. J. Atmos. Sci.,  30, 1,50-52.

1974 Reply to Comments by J. Holton on "Movable CISK." J.Atmos. Sci.,  31, 3, 834-835.

1975 with P.H. Stone and W.J. Quirk: Drought in the Sahara: ABiogeophysical Feedback Mechanism. Science,  187,435-436.

1975 Dynamics of Deserts and Drought in the Sahel. Quart. J.Roy. Met. Soc.,  101, 193-202.

1976 with P.H. Stone and W.J. Quirk: Reply to comments by E.A.Ripley. Science,  191, 100-101.

1976 Reply to E.A. Ripley. Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc., 101, 468.

1977 with W.J. Quirk, S.H. Chow and J. Kornfield: A comparative studyof the effects of albedo change on drought in semi-arid regions. J.Atmos. Sci.,  34, no. 9.

1976 "Drought in the Sahara; insufficiant biogeophysicalfeedback?" Reply to comments by E. A. Ripley. Science,  191,100-102.

1977 "A comparative study of the effects of albedo change ondrought in semi-arid regions" (with W. J. Quirk, S.H.- Chow and J.Kornfield), J. Atmos. Sci.,  34, 1366-1385.

1979 "Multiple flow equilibria in the atmosphere andblocking" (with J. deVore) J. Atmos. Sci.,  36,1205-1216.

1980 "Form-Drag Instability, Multiple Equilibria and PropagatingPlanetary Waves in Baroclinic, Orographically-Forced, Planetary WaveSystems" (with David M. Straus), J. Atmos. Sci., 37, 1157-1176.

1981. “Comparison of a barotropic blocking theory with observations”(with Shuklaand K. C. Mo) J. Atmos. Sci., 38, 762-779






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