南京理工大学张树鹏研究组分享 http://blog.sciencenet.cn/u/shupeng2009

博文

祝贺杨奇,刘如梦等同学合作论文在Journal of Colloid & Interface Science期刊发表

已有 990 次阅读 2022-8-13 20:40 |个人分类:点滴成果|系统分类:论文交流

ZIF-8-Derived N-Doped Porous Carbon Wrapped in Porous Carbon Films as an Air Cathode for Flexible Solid-state Zn-Air Batteries

Qi Yang 1, Rumeng Liu 1, Yanan Pan 1, Zheng Cao 1, Yue Liu 1, Luyao Wang 1, Jian Yu 1, Haiou Song 2, Zhiwen Ye 1, Shupeng Zhang 1, *

Abstract 

Metal-organic frameworks are a new type of catalyst precursor with high specific surface area and controllable composition, which can be modified by post-treatment and are suitable for use as cathode catalysts for Zn-air batteries (ZABs). Here, a self-doped nitrogen nanocatalyst (N-PC@CF) with a double-layered porous structure is rationally designed for flexible solid-state Zn-air batteries. The outer porous carbon shell of the N-PC@CF is highly hydrophilic and O2 permeable, while the layered porous structure exposes sufficient active sites to shorten the mass transfer distance, which would promote electrocatalytic performance and increase flexibility efficiently. The obtained N-PC@CF has an onset potential of 0.926 V and a half-wave potential of 0.843 V in the oxygen reduction reaction test, which is equivalent to commercial Pt/C. Most importantly, the maximum power density of the assembled ZAB is 134.7 mW cm-2 and it exhibits a specific capacity of 776.8 mA h g-1 at 10 mA cm-2, which is better than the 99.9 mW cm-2 of the Pt/C-based battery. An obvious improvement in the constant current discharge-charge cycle durability of the ZAB is found when compared with Pt/C. The specific capacities of ZAB with N-PC@CF as the air cathode at 5, 10 and 15 mA cm-2  are 842.7, 776.8 and 715.0 mAh g-1 (calculated by the mass of zinc consumed), respectively, corresponding to high energy densities of 1089.7, 977.3 and 842.2 Wh kg-. A flexible solid-state battery is assembled with excellent flexibility and stability, even if the battery is folded into a large angle (160°). This work provides a new strategy for the design and synthesis of metal-free air cathodes. 

In short, we have used a simple, green method to synthesize metal-organic framework-derived hierarchically porous nitrogen self-doped N-PC@CF. N-PC@CF shows excellent catalytic activity, which is comparable to 20 wt.% Pt/C. As an efficient electrocatalyst, the prepared N-PC@CF also exhibits strong methanol tolerance and stability. Assembled ZABs also have high specific capacity and excellent cycle stability and flexible solid-state batteries have flexibility and mechanical stability. The excellent battery performance of N-PC@CF is mainly due to the synergy of its unique characteristics: (1) the carbon shell improved hydrophilicity and provided larger mesopores; (2) hierarchical porous structure provides shorter O2 diffusion paths and accelerated mass transfer; (3) the uniform nitrogen self doping and high specific surface area exposed more active sites; (4) low charge transfer resistance accelerated electron transfer. Performance tests show that this graded carbon material as ZABs assembled with air cathodes has strong competitiveness in future energy conversion and electronic energy storage applications.

 

image.pngimage.png



https://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-311896-1351065.html

上一篇:南京理工大学化学与化工学院张树鹏教授介绍
下一篇:张树鹏等老师的教改论文被评为江苏省高等学校教学管理研究会2021年度优秀论文二等奖
收藏 IP: 36.48.3.*| 热度|

2 郑强 郑永军

该博文允许注册用户评论 请点击登录 评论 (0 个评论)

数据加载中...

Archiver|手机版|科学网 ( 京ICP备07017567号-12 )

GMT+8, 2022-10-4 15:02

Powered by ScienceNet.cn

Copyright © 2007- 中国科学报社

返回顶部