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新闻摘要的魅力

已有 3728 次阅读 2010-3-20 13:07 |个人分类:科研点滴|系统分类:博客资讯

早上起来看ACM TechNews,今天的头条新闻标题是“China Drawing High-Tech Research From U.S.”,心想估计又不是什么好事。

先看原文:
U.S. companies are being drawn to China as it develops a high-tech economy that increasingly competes directly with the United States. Western companies are attracted to China's less expensive and highly skilled engineers, as well as the subsidies that many Chinese cities and regions offer. Meanwhile, researchers from the United States and Europe have to be prepared to move to China if they want to conduct cutting-edge research, since many new research facilities are being built there, says Applied Materials chief technology officer Mark R. Pinto. For example, Applied Materials just built its newest and largest research labs in Xian, China, and Intel has opened research labs for server networks and semiconductors in Beijing. However, technological theft is a chronic problem for China-based Labs. Applied Materials has sealed its computers' ports to prevent copying data to flash drives, and employees are not allowed to take computers from the building without special permission.

这段文字描述逻辑很清晰,先扬后抑。这段新闻共152字,其中"However"部分有38字,占25.0%,给人感觉似乎负面占相当大的比例。

实际上,这条新闻是对New York Times的一篇报道的摘要,于是我又去看看了原文,全文共有32段、1115字,其实作者涉及到technological theft的文字有3段,一共才79字,从字数来看占全文7.1%!
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/18/business/global/18research.html?pagewanted=1

在作新闻摘要时,把7.1%放大到25.0%, 就可以改变整条新闻的观点,这就是新闻摘要的魅力。 为了更深入的实践体会新闻摘要的魅力,我也来作一个摘要,不过我是把7.1%缩小到0%,读起来又如何呢?

Western companies are attracted to China's less expensive and highly skilled engineers, as well as the subsidies that many Chinese cities and regions offer. Meanwhile, the companies also prefer to build new research facilities in China in order to conduct cutting-edge research. This is because in certain areas, e.g., clean-energy, China is over U.S., according to Chuck Provini, the chief executive of NatCore Technology, which is a solar panels company. For example, Thermal Power Research Institute in Xi'an, China’s world-leading laboratory on cleaner coal, has just licensed its latest design to Future Fuels in the United States. The American company plans to pay about $100 million to import from China the equipment and Chinese engineers will teach American workers how to assemble and operate it. Therefore, Applied Materials just built its newest and largest research labs in Xian. “Most of the graduate students in China are chasing this area. Of course, China will lead everything.” said Xie Lina, a 26-year-old Applied Materials engineer.


https://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-414166-304623.html

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