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我给博士生讨论课的阅读文章 精选

已有 8924 次阅读 2010-5-10 06:26 |个人分类:有关科学与教育|系统分类:教学心得

            我们馆博士班今年有六个学生上Evolution这门课。课由Rob DeSalle, Joel Cracraft和我三个人来教,我教有关地球生物史方面的内容,有关的情况在过去的博文中提到过。今年我有11堂课的课时,最后一堂课是学生报告演讲自己的学期论文内容(term paper)。每堂课75分钟,每周四在讲完课后有两个钟头的讨论课,我一共有四节讨论课,其内容主要来自和讲课内容有关的文章阅读。讨论课的形式没有定见,根据学生的数量和所学专业等具体情况来安排,每年都不一样。今年我是在每个周末把下个周四要讨论的文章打包传给每个学生,通常我会挑10篇左右的文章,多了学生读不过来。其中六篇上分别随机编1-6的号,让每个学生拿一篇做为自己的精读文章,其它的5篇需要细读,没有编号的文章至少要浏览一遍。在讨论时,每个学生要介绍自己精读的文章,并负责引领讨论。别的学生会对文章中的一些概念、问题提问,然后大家讨论,说自己的想法和观点。我在旁边参加提问,加油添醋,救火不要冷场,和喝咖啡(当然,学生也喝)。

            选取阅读文章不是件容易的事,因为现在的文章出得太快太多,要跟上是很费劲的事。我也不得不读很多的东西,当然也会学到很多。仍然觉得有些文章选得不一定就好,下次再改进(列在下面供参考)。我通常会选一些比较新、相对比较短一点的文章来给学生阅读。我给他们的最新文章,是上个星期才出来的两篇。课已经完了,学生读不读我就不晓得了,但我觉得他们应该知道。很多情况下,这些文章也不容易读。这样的阅读和讨论,主要是希望让学生能对课堂中讲的东西有更广泛和深入的了解。此外,静下心来深度阅读文献,尤其是一些不熟悉的学科内容,是做研究的基本功,研究生必须学会的技能之一。要读懂一篇文章的相关内容,通常还得去翻一些文章中的参考文献;连串读下去,得有点耐力。因此,要读通一篇文章,不是一件简单的事,在要求上只能有个程度的把握,有的学生做得好一点,有的差一点,在讨论课上一开口就可以知道谁有没有下功夫。什么地方的学生,都需要有点压力,规定他们做点什么,否则,他们会什么都不做。在网上飙博文,通常会比读课堂里老师布置的文章有意思。念书的事情,说到底,最后还是得看学生自己的兴趣和能力。

           

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