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Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2018

已有 506 次阅读 2018-10-3 17:57 |个人分类:科研笔记|系统分类:科研笔记

 


The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the in Chemistry 2018 with one half to Frances H. Arnold and the other half jointly to George P. Smith and Sir Gregory P. Winter.



Sir Gregory Winter, awarded the in Chemistry, has used phage display to produce new pharmaceuticals. Today phage display has produced antibodies that can neutralise toxins, counteract autoimmune diseases and cure metastatic cancer.


2018 laureate George Smith developed a method known as phage display, where a bacteriophage – a virus that infects bacteria – can be used to evolve new proteins.


Frances Arnold, awarded the 2018 , conducted the first directed evolution of enzymes, which are proteins that catalyse chemical reactions. Enzymes produced through directed evolution are used to manufacture everything from biofuels to pharmaceuticals.




2018年诺贝尔奖
http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-355217-1138638.html

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