Reaching out across the Web .. ...分享 Zuojun Yu, physical oceanographer, freelance English editor


科技英语写作基础(系列):分析abstract on Micro(nano)plastics

已有 1672 次阅读 2019-6-25 06:46 |个人分类:Scientific Writing|系统分类:教学心得| 科技论文写作

The goal is to learn how to write better.



Micro(nano)plastics: A threat to human health?


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• Great interest in potential toxicity of plastic particles towards human health is growing.

• Potential toxicity of micro and nanoplastics and leaching of additives.

• Consequences of bioaccumulation and biomagnification of plastic particles and adsorbed compounds.





The presence and effects of plastic debris is increasingly investigated.  



The majority of studies focuses on microplastics (MPs), but few reports suggest that plastic fragments in the <100 nm size range, referred to as nanoplastics (NPs), may also be formed in the aquatic environment and further to humans

评论:Could also define MPs’ size range.

On the web:

“Majority” is one of those words that can be either singular or plural. Common sense works pretty well in deciding which. If you mean the word to describe a collection of individuals, then the word should be treated as plural: “The majority of e-mail users are upset about the increase in spam.” If the word is used to describe a collective group, then consider it singular: “A 90% majority is opposed to scheduling the next meeting at 6:00 A.M.” If you are uncertain which you mean, then choose whatever form sounds best to you; it’s not likely to bother many people.

“Majority” should be used only with countable nouns: “he ate the majority of the cookies,” but not “he ate the majority of the pie.” Instead say, “he ate most of the pie.”




This paper provides a review on routes of human exposure and potential effects of MPs and NPs to human health. 


MPs/NPs could potentially induce: physical damages through particles itself, and biological stress through MPs/NPs alone or leaching of additives (inorganic and organic). 

评论:Do MPs and NPs have the same effects, or not?


Future research should evaluate trophic transfer of MPs/NPs with their associated chemicals through the marine food web.

评论:What about US (humans)? This is what the title says, and I want to know the answer.


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