Reaching out across the Web .. ...分享 Zuojun Yu, physical oceanographer, freelance English editor


科技英语写作基础(系列):容易用错的词和词组(B开头的) 精选

已有 2857 次阅读 2018-12-13 06:51 |个人分类:Scientific Writing|系统分类:教学心得| 科技英语, 写作, 词组

如果你的目标是写小说,应该看原版The Elements of Style (免费下载):


为了“完整”性,我们继续用The Elements of Style 不喜欢看英文原著的,凑合着看我的注解(不是翻译)。

有时,我会用Google Translate。GT现在还不成熟,你不要拿它当回事。


IV Words and Expressions Commonly Misused 


Being. Not appropriate after regard ... as. 


He is regarded as being the best dancer in the club.

改错后:He is regarded as the best dancer in the club. 


But. Unnecessary after doubt and help

注解:用在doubt和 help 后面就成为一只蛇脚,必须砍。


错的:I have no doubt but that 

对的:I have no doubt that 


错的:He could not help but see that 

对的:He could not help seeing that 


The too-frequent use of but as a conjunction leads to the fault discussed under Rule 18. A loose sentence formed with but can usually be converted into a periodic sentence formed with although.
 Particularly awkward is one but closely following another, thus making a contrast to a contrast, or a reservation to a reservation. This is easily corrected by rearrangement. 

Google Translate: 过于频繁地使用但作为连词导致了规则18中讨论的错误。一个松散的句子形成但通常可以转换为形成的句子。特别尴尬的是一个但紧跟另一个,因此与对比或对预约的保留形成对比。这可以通过重新排列轻松纠正。


Our country had vast resources but seemed almost wholly unprepared for war. But within a year it had created an army of four million. 

修改后:Our country seemed almost wholly unprepared for war, but it had vast resources. Within a year it had created an army of four million. 





1.    语态(1)

2.    常用时态

3.    一些标点符号“规则”(句号、逗号,参考The Elements of Style Part I)

4.    一些语法“规则”(主语、谓语的一致性、变化多端的代词、分词短语的主人,参考The Elements of Style Part I

5.    一些基本的写作“原则”(文章结构、段落、语态、简洁性等,参考The Elements of Style

6.    一些容易用错的词和词组(参考The Elements of Style

7.    修改、修改、再修改[简洁为上, see Chapter 7 Concision by Joseph/三种修饰语+两种“问题修饰语”,即悬空修饰语(p161)、错位修饰语/, see Chapter 8 Length by Joseph/逻辑性/一致性]




6 王辛杰 陈奂生 刘燕珍 张波 邱趖 李万春

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