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1763年Jesse Kipphouse历史故居外景一瞥

已有 1883 次阅读 2015-10-14 07:50 |个人分类:美国纪行见闻(09-11)|系统分类:海外观察|关键词:1763年Jesse,Kipphouse历史故居外景一瞥| 1763年Jesse

1763Jesse Kipphouse历史故居外景一瞥

 

黄安年文 黄安年的博客/20151013日晚上美东时间; 14日早晨北京时间发布

Chappaqua, NY迄今保存着完好的三个半世纪前后的一些名人故居,其中Kipp house 就有6(1735-1778年间有三家):

*Benjamin Kipp house, ca. 1735. 335 Douglas Road.

*Jesse Kipp house,before 1771. 1040 Hardscrabble  Road.

*William Kipp house,before 1778. 325 Douglas Road.

*Kipp-Gill house,ca. 1810. 292 Douglas Road.

*Kipp-Lambert house,ca. 1816 and 1860. 1130  Hardscrabble Road.

*Charles C.Kipp house, ca. 1905. 300 Douglas  Road.

今天上午,我们来到位于1040 Hardscrabble Road. Jesse Kipp house参观,按照提示今天是开放时间,但是室内铁将军把门,而院子里却可以随意进出,于是我们进入院子前后参观浏览。

照片26张上午随机拍摄的。

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JesseKipphouse,before 1771. 1040   Hardscrabble  Road.

JesseKipp(1740-1780), named after hisLongIslandgrandfather, was the oldest ofBenjamin Kipp’s five surviving sons.HemarriedAnn Haight about 1763, and hemay have built his home about this time.Itwascertainly in existence by 1771,when it is first mentioned in North Castletownrecords.

Jesse andAnn Kipphad seven childrenbeforehis early death at age forty. Two yearslater, hiswidow remarried. Hersecondhusband was Robert Reynolds, the52-year-oldbachelor son of John Reynolds,whoowned a large farm on Quaker Road.Robertand Ann Reynoldsremained in herhouse and had four children of their own.

The housedoesn’tappear on our earliestmaps,but town records reveal where it waslocated. In1789, Campfire Roadwasfirstformally laid out, and one end of it isidentified as the residenceofRobertReynolds. 1040   Hardscrabble  Road is justsouth oftheintersection with Campfire   Road,andthere is little doubt that this isthehouse referred to.

Ann KippReynoldswas widowed for thesecondtime in 1809, and she herself died in 1811.Thehouse remained in the Kippfamilyuntil the death of Jesse’s son GilbertKippin 1857, It was then sold toanotherQuaker, Silas Tompkins, who owned ituntilhis own death in 1889.

In 1867,the New Castlemap in Beers’ atlasof Westchesteridentifiesthe S. Tompkins Residenceas“Washington’sHeadquarters,” and Scharf’shistory ofWestchesterCounty,published in 1886, states that“The residence of Mr.SilasTompkins…is said tohave been for a short time Washington’sheadquarters.”On thebasis of theseassertions, the Daughters of the AmericanRevolution namedthehouseWashington’sHeadquarters, and mounted a commemorative plaque therein1966.

Unfortunately,thereis no18th-centuryevidence to support this attribution. Washingtonand his troops didindeed passthough New  Castle—onMillwood  Road,Quaker  Road,andArmonk Road.Butthere is no evidence thatthey ever set foot on Hardscrabble Road. Furthermore, itseemsvery dubious that afamily of devout Quakers,whose Peace Testimonyforbadetheir support for eitherside in the RevolutionaryWar, would haveofferedhospitality to GeneralWashington or allowed their home tobe used asamilitary headquarters. (TheQuakers did allow their meetinghouse tobe used asamilitary hospital followingthe Battle of White Plains in 1776, butthat wasanact of charity to woundedmen, some of whom died and were buriedthere.)

The houseisnonetheless one of the earliestinNew   Castle–one of the few that can be said to havebeenbuilt in colonial times. It hasbeenenlarged and altered over thecenturies,but the earliest parts retain muchof theoriginal hand-hewnpost-and-beamframing of Jesse Kipp’s homestead.

http://www.newcastlenow.org/index.php/article/3601




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