Cavitation Blog!分享 空化机理及其在水力机械中的应用!



已有 5641 次阅读 2013-9-16 18:25 |系统分类:论文交流| and, Large, simulation, Eddy, Three-dimensional

[1] Ji, B., Luo, X. W., Peng, X. X., and Wu, Y. L., 2013, "Three-dimensional large eddy simulation and vorticity analysis of unsteady cavitating flow around a twisted hydrofoil," Journal of Hydrodynamics, 25(4), pp. 510-519. (

Full paper.pdf


Abstract:Large Eddy Simulation (LES) was coupled with a mass transfer cavitation model to predict unsteady 3-D turbulent cavitating flows around a twisted hydrofoil. The wall-adapting local eddy-viscosity (WALE) model was used to give the Sub-Grid Scale (SGS) stress term. The predicted 3-D cavitation evolutions, including the cavity growth, break-off and collapse downstream, and the shedding cycle as well as its frequency agree fairly well with experimental results. The mechanism for the interactions between the cavitation and the vortices was discussed based on the analysis of the vorticity transport equation related to the vortex stretching, volumetric expansion/contraction and baroclinic torque terms along the hydrofoil mid-plane. The vortical flow analysis demonstrates that cavitation promotes the vortex production and the flow unsteadiness. In non-cavitation conditions, the streamline smoothly passes along the upper wall of the hydrofoil with no boundary layer separation and the boundary layer is thin and attached to the foil except at the trailing edge. With decreasing cavitation number, the present case has σ = 1.07, and the attached sheet cavitation becomes highly unsteady, with periodic growth and break-off to form the cavitation cloud. The expansion due to cavitation induces boundary layer separation and significantly increases the vorticity magnitude at the cavity interface. A detailed analysis using the vorticity transport equation shows that the cavitation accelerates the vortex stretching and dilatation and increases the baroclinic torque as the major source of vorticity generation. Examination of the flow field shows that the vortex dilatation and baroclinic torque terms increase in the cavitating case to the same magnitude as the vortex stretching term, while for the non-cavitating case these two terms are zero.

Key words: cavitation; Large Eddy Simulation (LES); hydrofoil; vorticity analysis; unsteady shedding;


3 王鑫 强涛 卢东强

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