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强烈建议《科学通报》和《中国科学》中文版取消发表新分类群

已有 6978 次阅读 2013-1-24 17:12 |个人分类:植物分类学|系统分类:科研笔记| 中国, 中文版

分类群(包括科、属和种)描述是分类学研究的重要产品之一,很多研究人员乐此不疲。我们用的学名是拉丁名称,而正确的拉丁名称必须有效、合格、合法,这在命名法规中有专门规定。
 
《科学通报》和《中国科学》是双语期刊,我所见到的这两个期刊通常是中文版先发,英文版晚发。这两种期刊经常发表新的化石类群,这种双语期刊影响新分类群描述的合格发表时间。
 
根据国际植物命名法规,长期以来在这两个期刊描述的新的化石类群的合格发表和描述是在英文版,中文版中的描述不是合格发表,因此,名称引证的时候,就要以英文版为准。
 
既然中文版对新分类群描述没有意义,我强烈建议这两个期刊的中文版取消新分类群的发表。
 
最新的墨尔本法规条款39:
CHAPTER V. Valid publication of names SECTION 2. Names of new taxa
Article 39
  • 39.1 In order to be validly published, a name of a new taxon (algae and fossils excepted) published between 1 January 1935 and 31 December 2011, inclusive, must be accompanied by a Latin description or diagnosis or by a reference (Art. 38.13) to a previously and effectively published Latin description or diagnosis (but see Art. H.9; for fossils see Art. 43.1; for algae see Art. 44.1).
    • Ex.1. Arabis “Sekt. Brassicoturritis O. E. Schulz” and “Sekt. Brassicarabis O. E. Schulz” (in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam., ed. 2, 17b: 543-544. 1936), published with German but no Latin descriptions or diagnoses, are not validly published names.
    • Ex.2. “Schiedea gregoriana” (Degener, Fl. Hawaiiensis, fam. 119. 9 Apr 1936) was accompanied by an English but no Latin description and is not therefore a validly published name. Schiedea kealiae Caum & Hosaka (in Occas. Pap. Bernice Pauahi Bishop Mus. 11(23): 3. 10 Apr 1936), the type of which is part of the material used by Degener, is provided with a Latin description and is validly published.
    • Ex.3. Alyssum flahaultianum Emb., first published without a Latin description or diagnosis (in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Maroc 15: 199. 1936), was validly published posthumously when a Latin translation of Emberger’s original French description was provided (in Willdenowia 15: 62-63. 1985).
    • Ex.4. “Malvidae” was not validly published by Wu (in Acta Phytotax. Sin. 40: 308. 2002) by reference to “Malvaceae” (Adanson, Fam. Pl. 2: 390. 1763) because the latter was associated with a description in French, not a description or diagnosis in Latin as required by Art. 39.1. Malvidae was later validly published by Thorne & Reveal (in Bot. Rev. 73: 111. 2007).
  • 39.2 In order to be validly published, a name of a new taxon published on or after 1 January 2012 must be accompanied by a Latin or English description or diagnosis or by a reference (Art. 38.13) to a previously and effectively published Latin or English description or diagnosis (for fossils see also Art. 43.1).

Recommendation 39A

  • 39A.1 Authors publishing names of new taxa should give or cite a full description in Latin or English in addition to the diagnosis.


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