# 相对性原理和力的产生与定义

Keying Guan

Department of Mathematics, School of Science, Beijing Jiaotong University

Emailkeying.guan@gmail.com

Keying Guan

Department of Mathematics, School of Science, Beijing Jiaotong University

Emailkeying.guan@gmail.com

(*)

(1)

(1）式也等价于

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（5）

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(22) 式即意味着

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(Definition 3  Inherent force of matter is the power of resisting by which every body,  so far as it is able, a perseveres in its state either of resting or of moving uniformly straight forward. )

(Definition  4  Impressed force is the action exerted on a body to change its state either of resting or of moving uniformly straight forward. )

Law 2  A change in motion is proportional to the motive force impressed and takes place along the straight line in which that the force is impressed.

(运动第二定律：运动的变化与施加的动力成正比，并沿着施加力的直线发生)

(This force is always proportional to the body and does not differ in any way from the inertia of the mass except in the manner in which it is conceived. Because of the inertia of matter, every body is only with difficulty put out of its state either of resting or of moving. Consequently, inherent force may also be called by the very significant name of force of inertia.  Moreover, a body exerts this force only during a change of its state, caused by another force impressed upon it, and this exercise of force is, depending on the viewpoint, both resistance and impetus: resistance insofar as the body, in order to maintain its state, strives against the impressed force, and impetus insofar as the same body, yielding only with difficulty to the force of a resisting obstacle, endeavors to change the state of that obstacle. Resistance is commonly attributed to resting bodies and impetus to moving bodies; but motion and rest, in the each other only by point rest are not always truly popular sense of the terms, are distinguished from of view, and bodies commonly regarded as being at rest.)

(28)

(2’)

[1] Einstein, Albert (1905d) [Manuscript received: 30 June 1905]. Written at Berne, Switzerland. "Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Körper". Annalen der Physik (Submitted manuscript) (in German). Hoboken, New Jersey (published 10 March 2006). 322 (10): 891–921.

[2] Einstein, Albert (1907),  Über das Relativitätsprinzip und die aus demselben gezogenen Folgerungen. Jahrbuch  der Radioaktivität under Eleltronik, 1907, V 4,  411-462

[3] MAX PLANCK, EIGHT LECTURES ON THEORETICAL PHYSICS, DELIVERED AT COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY IN 1909, TRANSLATED BY A. P. WILLS , PRESS OF THE NEW ERA PRINTING COMPANY LANCASTER, PA. 1915

[4]  Landau, Lev D.; Lifshitz, Evgeny M. (1976). Mechanics. Vol. 1 (3rd ed.). Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 978-0-7506-2896-9.

[5] Landau, Lev D.; Lifshitz, Evgeny M, THE CLASSICAL THEORY OF FIELDS , Translated from the Russian by MORTON HAMERMESH, PERGAMON PRESS OXFORD • NEW YORK • TORONTO SYDNEY ' BRAUNSCHWEIG , Third English edition 1971

[6]  Landau, Lev D.; Lifshitz, Evgeny M, QUANTUM MECHANICS, Translatedfrom the Russian by J. B. SYKES and J. S. BELL, PERGAMON PRESS Member of Maxwell Macmillan Pergamon Publishing Corporation OXFORD NEW YORK BEIJING FRANKFURT SAO PAULO • SYDNEY • TOKYO • TORONTO ,  Third revised edition 1977.

[7] Steven Weinberg, Gravitation and Cosmology: Principles and Applications of the General Theory of Relativity, by Steven Weinberg, pp. 688. ISBN 0-471-92567-5. Wiley-VCH , July 1972.

[8] H.A. Lorentz, A. Einstein, H. Minkowski and L.Weyl, The Principle of Relativity, Dover Publications (June 1, 1952)

[9] 范岱年 赵中立 许良英编译，爱因斯坦文集，第二卷，商务印数馆出版，1977年第一版，统一书号：2017●184

[10] Issac Newton, THE PRINCPIA Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, a newtraslation and guide by I. Bernard Cohen and Anne  Whitman associated by Julua Budenz, University of California Press, Berkeley, Las Angeles, Landon, 1999

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