Science Blog of Dr. Yuan分享 This blog is mainly on Molecular molecular modelling and simulations


Crystal structures of adiponectin receptors released

已有 2042 次阅读 2015-4-17 21:12 |个人分类:好文转载|系统分类:科研笔记

Nature 520, 312–316 (16 April 2015) doi:10.1038/nature14301

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Adiponectin stimulation of its receptors, AdipoR1 and AdipoR2, increases the activities of 5′ AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR), respectively, thereby contributing to healthy longevity as key anti-diabetic molecules. AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 were predicted to contain seven transmembrane helices with the opposite topology to G-protein-coupled receptors. Here we report the crystal structures of human AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 at 2.9 and 2.4 Å resolution, respectively, which represent a novel class of receptor structure. The seven-transmembrane helices, conformationally distinct from those of G-protein-coupled receptors, enclose a large cavity where three conserved histidine residues coordinate a zinc ion. The zinc-binding structure may have a role in the adiponectin-stimulated AMPK phosphorylation and UCP2 upregulation. Adiponectin may broadly interact with the extracellular face, rather than the carboxy-terminal tail, of the receptors. The present information will facilitate the understanding of novel structure–function relationships and the development and optimization of AdipoR agonists for the treatment of obesity-related diseases, such as type 2 diabetes.

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