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几页南京大屠杀审判档案及阅读笔记

已有 3032 次阅读 2016-12-13 22:46 |个人分类:讀書隨筆|系统分类:科研笔记| 南京大屠杀

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几页南京大屠杀审判档案及阅读笔记

名先鉴 少雄


   后学问


  中国将1213日定为南京大屠杀国家公祭日,祭奠300,000遇难同胞。但是,近年来,日本政府一直在竭力否定南京大屠杀。请问,在国际交流中,遇到南京大屠杀问题,我们应该引用什么资料来呈现历史真相?


   先鉴答


   在国际交流中,要呈现南京大屠杀历史真相,两类资料最有说服力:远东国际军事法庭审判档案;外国公民亲历记录。

   

1999年,美国出版过一本《南京大屠杀档案》。书名:Documents on the Rape of Nanking。编辑者:TimothyBrook。出版社:The University of Michigan Press


扉页



版权页



目录页



《档案》第257页至266页,是远东国际军事法庭审判档案摘录。抄录若干条,并附阅读笔记。



257


258页记录:


The Chinese Army retreated, leavingapproximately 50,000 troops behind to defend the city. As the Japanese forcesstormed the South Gate on the night of 12 December 1937, most of the remaining50,000 troops escaped through the North and West Gates of the City.


笔记:

只留50,000守军!而且多数人逃跑!不知军事决策者当时是如何想的?不知逃跑者是否知道后果?



258


259页记录:


Chinese were hunted like rabbits,everyone seen to move was shot. At least 12,000 non-combatant Chinese men,women and children met their deaths in these indiscriminate killings during thefirst two or three days of the Japanese occupation of the city.


笔记:

占领军像猎杀兔子一样,见到有人走动就杀!头两三天就屠杀至少12,000名男人、女人和儿童等非战斗者。何其残暴!


There were many cases of rape. …Many women were killed after the act and their bodies mutilated. Approximately20,000 cases of rape occurred with the city during the first month of the occupation.


笔记:

强奸妇女,而后将多数被强奸者屠杀。占领后头一个月,强奸至少20,000名妇女。在人类历史上,有多少占领军犯下过如此重罪?

259

   260页记录:

   Groups of Chinese civilians were formed,bound with their hands behind their backs, and marched outside the walls of thecity where they were killed in groups by machine gun fire and with bayonets.More than 26,000 Chinese men of military age are known to have died in thisfashion.

   笔记:

批量屠杀。一次绑到城墙外屠杀26,000多人。仅仅是因为他们在从军年龄,因为怕有军人脱下军服混在市民当中,就进行批量屠杀!屠杀前,还反绑他们双手!是怕他们反抗吗?机枪在手,还如此胆小!


   Of the civilians who had fledNanking over 57,000 were overtaken and interned. These were starved andtortured in captivity until a large number died. Many of the survivors werekilled by machine gun fire and by bayoneting.


   笔记:

   在逃离南京的市民中,有57,000多人被占领军追回关押,其中多数人被饿死或折磨死,没有被饿死或折磨死的人中多数被批量屠杀。

   Large parties of Chinese soldiers laid downtheir arms and surrendered outside Nanking; with 72 hours after their surrenderthey were killed in groups by machine gun fire along the bank of the YangtzeRiver. Over 30,000 such prisoners of war were so killed.

   笔记:

城外投降者在72小时之内,被批量屠杀在长江江岸!有30,000多投降者被如此屠杀。前面提到50,000守军。不知这30,000多被屠杀者与50,000守军逃跑者有什么关联?



260


261页记录:


   Estimates made at a later date indicatethat the total number of civilians and prisoners of war murdered in Nanking andits vicinity during the first six weeks of the Japanese occupation was over200,000. That these estimates are not exaggerated in borne out by the fact thatburial societies and other organizations counted more than 155,000 bodies whichthey buried.  They also reported thatmost of those were bound with their hands tied behind their backs … Thesefigures do not take into account those persons whose bodies were destroyed byburning or by throwing them into the Yangtze River or otherwise disposed of bythe Japanese.

   笔记:

日本占领军在南京到底屠杀了多少人?

占领后头六个星期超过200,000人!

占领后头六个星期,各种善后机构或组织清点遇难者遗体155,000多具,其中多数被反绑双手!也就是说,日本占领军批量屠杀近155,000人!

被日本占领军非批量屠杀的有多少人,当时可能没有人清点,也无法清点。第259页提到占领后头三天有12,000非战斗者被像兔子一样射杀,头一个月有至少20,000名妇女被强奸而后多数被屠杀,第260页提到有57,000市民多数人被饿死或折磨死。这三个数字加起来近90,000,很明显,他们是被分散屠杀的。

   在被屠杀者中,遗体被占领军焚烧、抛入长江、或用其它方式处理者,不计其数。

远东国际军事法庭,根据当时遗体可知数,估计日本军在占领南京后六头个星期屠杀至少超过200,000人!

这个估计,不包括遗体被占领军焚烧、抛入长江、或用其它方式处理者。



261


       

后来,根据完全资料,在日本以外,世界各国几乎一致认为南京大屠杀死难者为300,000人。


  前辈罪行,后辈不能否定。否定前辈罪行,等于后辈重犯。为避免子孙后代重犯罪行,日本应该反省,应该正视历史。

中国人应该永远铭记这段历史,应该让全世界铭记这段历史。

铭记历史,为中国自强,为世界和平。




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