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探求美好社会的知识分子

已有 5503 次阅读 2010-7-19 02:10 |个人分类:大地人文|系统分类:海外观察

探求美好社会的知识分子

2010.07.19

刚知道在西方探求美好社会的知识分子竟然有个专门的政治术语,叫做useful idiot。

前天在收音机上听BBC最近有一个专题节目叫做Useful Idiot,将在八月初播出。BBC的节目预告上是这样描述的:

John Sweeney looks at Useful Idiots, Lenin's description of intellectuals who gave their blessing to tyrannies and tyrants.

BBC关于Useful Idiot的节目预告:http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p008vd41

wiki百科John Sweeney信息链接:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Sweeney_(journalist)

因为以前不知道Useful Idiot这个词,所以到wiki百科上搜了一下。上面说:

In political jargon, the term useful idiot was used to describe Soviet sympathizers in Western countries and the attitude of the Soviet government towards them. The implication was that though the person in question naïvely thought themselves an ally of the Soviets or other Communists, they were actually held in contempt by them, and were being cynically used.

The term is now used more broadly to describe someone who is perceived to be manipulated by a political movement, terrorist group, hostile government, or business, whether or not the group is Communist in nature.

据说这一说法源自列宁,但在除了一些其他资料和第三者的回忆之外,正式出版的列宁的著作中找不到这个说法。

wiki百科Useful Idiot信息链接:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Useful_idiot

以前翻过一本社会学家Paul Hollander的书,叫做Political Pilgrims-western interllectuals in search of the Good Society(《政治朝圣-西方知识分子对好社会的探求》),大概也是讲的西方知识分子中的Useful Idiot这个现象。Amazon上对本书内容的描述是:

In this major study, Paul Hollander seeks to understand why so many distinguished Western intellectuals of the 20th century admired the various communist systems, often in their most repressive historical phases.

Amazon上Political Pilgrims一书信息链接:http://www.amazon.com/Political-Pilgrims-Western-Intellectuals-Society/dp/1560009543

wiki百科Paul Hollander信息链接:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Hollander

不管观点如何,Useful Idiot的确是一个值得研究的历史现象。



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