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云师大能环学院王云峰教授等在国际知名新能源期刊《Renewable Energy》上发表最新研

已有 642 次阅读 2024-4-7 22:36 |个人分类:云师大研究|系统分类:论文交流

2024年3月30日,Elsevier 旗下国际著名期刊《Renewable Energy》在线发表了云南师范大学能源与环境科学学院王云峰教授课题组的最新研究成果《Experimental investigation, performance analysis, and optimization of hot air convective drying of date fruits via response surface methodology》。云南师范大学能源与环境科学学院王云峰教授通讯作者

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960148124004695#fig1

3.pngAbstract

A laboratory-scale hot air convective dryer (HACD) was used to dry date fruits surplus at 0.5 ± 0.02 kg kg−1 to a safe moisture level of 0.35 kg kg−1 under drying temperatures (T) of 50–70 °C with airflow rates (Q) of 0.18 and 0.28 m3 h−1. Kinetics, modeling, energy, economic feasibility, and color difference of the date fruits were analyzed and then optimized using response surface methodology (RSM) with two drying factors and eight responses. The drying time to reach the desired moisture level ranged from 9 to 28 h under different drying conditions. The proposed mathematical model expressed the moisture behavior over drying time with the highest R2 = 0.9998 and 0.9999, respectively, for 0.18 and 0.28 m3 h−1. Effective moisture diffusivity (Deff) was calculated using the starting accessibility parameter and varied between 9.9 × 10−8 and 3.3 × 10−7 m2 s−1. The energy analysis revealed that the specific energy consumption (SEC) varies between 22.04 and 43.05 kWh.kg−1 and the drying efficiency (η) are 16.91, 16.14, and 25.38% for 50, 60, and 70 °C, respectively. The RSM optimization using a multi-level design with two centurium points denoted the optimum responses for the highest drying temperature. The lowest payback period (Pb) of the drying system was estimated to be 0.45 years for T = 70 °C and Q = 0.28 m3 h−1. The optimum drying time, Deff, total energy consumption (Et), SECη, and total color change (ΔE) were estimated to be 9 h, 3.3 × 10−7 m2 s−1, 33.91 kWh, 22.04 kWh.kg−1, 27.69%, and 1.69, respectively.

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