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Kudos Project:没有什么是理所当然的: 重温现代物理学原理

已有 1117 次阅读 2021-7-26 12:41 |系统分类:论文交流

Take Nothing for Granted: Revisiting Principles of Modern Physics

没有什么是理所当然的: 重温现代物理学原理

Project DOI: 10.26303/86jd-mq19

 

Kudos project 的链接:https://www.growkudos.com/projects/take-nothing-for-granted-revisiting-principles-of-modern-physics 


What is it about?

这个科研项目是关于什么的?

 

First proposed in the early 20th century, dark matter is the glue that holds the universe as we know it together. Though undetectable, dark matter represents approximately 85% of all matter, makes up 27% of the universe’s total mass-energy density, and accounts for gravitational effects that we couldn’t observe without it.
暗物质在20世纪初首次被提出,它是我们所知的将宇宙连接在一起的粘合剂。虽然暗物质无法探测到,但它约占所有物质的85%,占宇宙总质能密度的27%,并解释了没有它我们就无法观测到的引力效应。


But what if it doesn’t actually exist? 
但如果它根本不存在呢?


That’s the type of question Jian'an Wang, former Professor of Physics at Shenzhen University, spends most of his time thinking about. In his latest work, Prof. Wang challenges the idea that dark matter is the missing puzzle piece that binds the universe—and the study of the universe—together. 
这正是深圳大学前物理学教授王建安博士花了大量时间思考的问题。在他最新的研究中,王博士挑战了这样一种观点即暗物质是将宇宙和宇宙研究联系在一起的一块缺失的拼图。

 

Modern physics, for example, suggests that dark matter is what keeps stars clustered in galaxies rather than hurdling through space as predicted by Isaac Newton’s law of gravity. Wang, however, proposes that dark matter is a sign that our physics equations need updating. By modifying Newton’s formula to fit the principle of spatial energy field superposition, Wang concludes that the original equation seriously underestimates galaxies’ energy field intensity or their space-time curvature. 
例如,现代物理学表明,暗物质是使恒星聚集在星系中的原因,而不是像艾萨克·牛顿引力定律所预测的那样在太空中穿行。然而,王博士提出,暗物质是我们的物理方程需要更新的一个迹象。通过修改牛顿(万有引力)公式,使之符合空间能量场叠加原理,王博士得出结论,原公式(牛顿万有引力公式)严重低估了星系的能量场强度或时空曲率。


The result of adjusting for this error: no dark matter in the universe and no supermassive black hole at the centre of the galaxies, and the cause of the perihelion precession of Mercury is due to the property of the corrected gravity of the sun. 
对这个错误进行纠正的结果是:宇宙中没有暗物质,星系中心也没有超大质量黑洞,水星近日点进动是因修正后的太阳引力所致。


Dark matter is only one assumption of modern physics that Wang is intent on revisiting. He also offers new explanations for: the principle of relativity, the principle of constancy of light velocity, uncertainty principle, Newton's first law, Mickelson-Morrey Experiment, the dynamic force source for planetary tectonic movements, the physical mechanism of earthquakes, the mysterious Tunguska explosion of 1908, the physical mechanism of the rockburst, the cause of ocean currents and atmospheric circulation, the cause of the Ice Age, the cause of the plague outbreak, and the Mpemba effect. 
暗物质只是王博士想要重新审视的现代物理学假设之一。他还给出了如下物理问题新的解释: 相对性原理、光速不变原理、不确定性原理、牛顿第一定律、迈克尔逊-莫雷实验、行星构造运动的动力源、地震的物理机制、1908年神秘的通古斯大爆炸、岩爆的物理机制、洋流和大气环流的成因,冰河期的成因,瘟疫爆发的原因,以及姆潘巴效应。


Jian’an Wang received his bachelor’s degree in experimental nuclear physics in 1982 from the Department of Modern Physics at the University of Science and Technology of China. Upon graduating, he was assigned to the China Institute of Atomic Energy, where he studied nuclear reactions of charged particles. In 1985, he was admitted to the Department of Physics at Huazhong University of Science and Technology, from which he received a master’s degree. He obtained a Ph.D. in 1996 from McGill University in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, for his research on laser luminescent materials. Wang entered the Department of Physics at Shenzhen University as an assistant professor in 1999 and retired in 2012. 
王建安1982年毕业于中国科学技术大学近代物理系实验核物理专业,获学士学位。毕业后,他被分配到中国原子能研究院从事带电粒子核反应研究工作。1985年考入华中科技大学物理系读研,并在那获得硕士学位。1996年,他在位于加拿大魁北克省蒙特利尔市的麦吉尔大学获得博士学位,博士论文是关于激光发光材料方面的研究。1999年进入深圳大学物理系担任副教授,并于2012年提前退休。

 

Why is it important?

为什么这一科研项目很重要?

 

Science relies on the accumulation of evidence to explain natural phenomena. Scientific theories, both old and new, require testing to affirm their validity. That scrutiny, and a good measure of curiosity, is what drives science forward. As Prof. Wang puts it, “there is no end to science…the spirit of science is to keep exploring.”

科学依靠证据的积累来解释自然现象。科学理论,无论是旧的还是新的,都需要通过检验来确认它们的有效性。正是这种审视和很好的好奇心,推动了科学的发展。正如王博士所说:“科学是没有止境的,科学精神就是不断探索。”

 

Perspectives

展望


"Relativity and quantum mechanics, born more than 100 years ago, have achieved great success, but after that, physics has been developing almost stagnant for nearly 100 years, with no subversive theory. Why is this? I think my researches have provided the answer. I expect physicists around the world to review these findings, especially through experiments."

Dr. Jianan Wang 
Shenzhen University

 

“诞生于100多年前的相对论和量子力学取得了巨大的成功,但此后的物理学发展几乎停滞不前,再也没有颠覆性的理论出现。这是为什么呢? 我想我的研究提供了答案。我希望世界各地的物理学家们能够审视这些发现,特别是通过实验。 

王建安博士

深圳大学


Audience Briefings

观众简报

Press新闻

Keeping the Spirit of Physics Alive

保持物理精神的活力

 

June 3, 2021 – China – Few physical constants are as widely recognized today as the speed of light. Thanks to the efforts of Albert Einstein and other titans of modern physics, students are well familiar with the idea that no matter where you are in the universe—or how fast you might be moving—the speed of light is an unchanging 299,792,458 meters per second.

2021年6月3日——中国——今天很少有物理常数像光速一样被广泛认可。由于阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦和其他现代物理学巨头的努力,学生们都悉知,无论你在宇宙的哪里,或者你移动的速度有多快,光相对于你的速度都是恒定的每秒299792458米。

 

But if you ask Jian’an Wang, former professor at Shenzhen University, concepts of modern physics—the constancy of the speed of light included—aren’t the be-all and end-all of our understanding of the universe. 

但如果你问深圳大学前教授王建安,他认为现代物理学的概念——包括光速不变——并不是我们对宇宙理解的全部和最终部分。


“There is no end to science,” writes Wang. “[T]he spirit of science is to keep exploring. Although special relativity has achieved great success, it is by no means the end of physics.”

Wang’s scientific repertoire reads like a list of herculean labors, each a challenge to our current understanding of modern physics. In addition to the speed of light, Wang most recently tackled the existence of dark matter. 

“科学没有尽头,”王博士写道。“科学精神是不断探索。虽然狭义相对论取得了巨大成功,但它绝不是物理学的终点。”

王博士的科学研究曲目读起来就像一份艰巨的工作清单,每一项都对我们目前对现代物理学的理解提出了挑战。除了光速之外,王博士最近还研究了暗物质的存在问题。


Dark matter is supposed by many scientists to be the most dominant substance in the universe, accounting for nearly 85% of all matter. Although undetectable, dark matter likely accounts for many otherwise impossible interstellar phenomena, such as how stars clump into galaxies instead of meandering through space. 

暗物质被许多科学家认为是宇宙中最主要的物质,占所有物质的近85%。尽管暗物质无法探测到,但它可解释许多不可能的星际现象,比如恒星是如何聚集成星系而不是在太空中漫游的。

Wang proposes an alternative theory: that Isaac Newton’s original gravity equation needs some tweaking. 
By applying what’s known as the principle of spatial energy field superposition, Wang reaches a different conclusion about the nature of the universe—one where there is no dark matter and and there is no supermassive black hole at the centre of the galaxies.

王博士提出了另一种理论:艾萨克·牛顿的原始引力公式需要一些调整。通过应用所谓的空间能量场叠加原理,王博士得出了一个关于宇宙本质的不同结论——宇宙中没有暗物质,星系中心也没有超大质量黑洞。

 

Other concepts Wang has meticulously revisited include the dynamic force source for planetary tectonic movements, the physical mechanism of earthquakes, the physical mechanism of rockburst, the cause of ocean currents and atmospheric circulation, the cause of Ice Age, the cause of the plague outbreak, the Mpemba effect, and the mysterious Tunguska explosion of 1908, an impact event that flattened a half-million acres of forest in Russia but left no crater.

王博士精心重新审视的其他概念包括行星构造运动的动力源、地震的物理机制、岩爆的物理机制、洋流和大气环流的成因、冰河期的成因、瘟疫爆发的原因、姆潘巴效应以及1908年神秘的通古斯大爆炸,这是一次使俄罗斯50万英亩的森林夷为平地,但没有留下任何撞击坑的(流星)撞击事件。

 

With admittedly “great curiosity,” takes few assumptions for granted when it comes to understanding the nature of our planet and the universe at large.

诚然,怀着“巨大的好奇心”,在理解我们的星球和整个宇宙的本质时,几乎没有什么理所当然的假设。

 

Who is involved?

涉及哪些人?

 

Vivien Pinner and Dr. Jian’an wang

 

Vivien Pinner 和王建安博士

 

下面是Kudos project 的链接:https://www.growkudos.com/projects/take-nothing-for-granted-revisiting-principles-of-modern-physics



https://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-3412139-1297053.html

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