二维结构的Ellipse packing及 Lewis\'s law和Aboav-Weaire\'s law

已有 1617 次阅读 2019-5-16 08:11 |系统分类:科研笔记

Background: Lewis’s law and Aboav-Weaire’s law are two fundamental laws used to describe the topology of two-dimensional (2D) structures; however, their theoretical bases remain unclear.

Methods: We used software R with package Conicfit to fit ellipses based on the geometric parameters of polygonal cells of ten different kinds of natural and artificial 2D structures.

Results: Our results indicated that the cells could be classified as an ellipse’s inscribed polygon (EIP) and that they tended to form the ellipse’s maximal inscribed polygon (EMIP). This phenomenon was named as ellipse packing. On the basis of the number of cell edges, cell area, and semi-axes of fitted ellipses, we derived and verified new relations of Lewis’s law and Aboav-Weaire’s law.

Conclusions: Ellipse packing is a short-range order that places restrictions on the cell topology and growth pattern. Lewis’s law and Aboav-Weaire’s law mainly reflect the effect of deformation from circle to ellipse on cell area and the edge number of neighboring cells, respectively. The results of this study could be used to simulate the dynamics of cell topology during growth.


其中,a和b分别是n边形细胞的拟合椭圆的长短半轴,1/12很丑。上述公式适用于所有配位数为3的二维结构。此外,ellipse packing可以用于解释生物细胞的长轴分裂(long-axis division)。




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