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[转载]热点专题 | 离子束材料改性与应用

已有 225 次阅读 2021-11-26 09:47 |系统分类:论文交流|文章来源:转载

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为了展现国内外在"离子束材料改性与应用"研究领域的代表性成果,"Chinese Physics B"(CPB)编辑部邀请陈峰、肖湘衡、欧欣、付恩刚四位老师担任客座编辑,组织了"Ion beam modification of materials and applications"专题,敬请关注!

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编者按

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    |陈   峰   教授       山东大学

    |肖湘衡   教授       武汉大学

    |欧   欣   研究员    中科院上海微系统与信息技术研究所

    |付恩刚   教授       北京大学


离子束及相关技术在核科学、材料科学、凝聚态物理、微电子学等领域具有重要的应用价值,主要的研究方向包括:1)离子束材料合成,包括离子束辅助沉积、异质材料构筑、微纳结构构筑等;2)辐照效应研究,包括材料抗辐照研究、抗辐照器件研究、辐照育种、辐照诱变等;3)材料表面改性,包括材料的掺杂、缺陷调控等。自上世纪七十年代以来,离子束技术得到了快速的发展,产生了一系列新的材料合成技术。随后,离子束技术在材料表面改性方面也展现出独特的优势,利用离子束技术可以实现对材料表面电学、光学、力学等性能的有效调控。近些年来,离子束与材料相互作用的物理机制得到了更加深入的研究,离子束作用下的材料损伤机制、缺陷演化机制以及掺杂效应等相关理论得到了完善。与此同时,进一步发展的重离子注入、高能离子注入、超浅注入、强流注入、微束注入、浸没式离子注入对于研究不断涌现出来的新材料、新器件提供了有利工具。


离子束技术的本质是离子与固体的相互作用,属于物理过程。利用离子注入技术作为掺杂手段能够精确控制离子的掺杂浓度,且因具有直进性强和加工温度低等优点使得操作更加灵活、易于控制;和其他掺杂方法相比,该方法的掺杂均匀性好。离子束还可以作为辐照的一种方式来研究核反应堆材料中的辐照损伤机制和演化过程,进而作为筛选新材料的手段。利用高能重离子辐照可以探讨半导体器件在辐照环境下的退化行为,为研制抗辐照器件、提高器件服役寿命提供了研究平台。随着离子束及其相关技术在新型能源、先进信息等科学领域的重大应用,人们对离子束技术的关注度越来越高。


本专刊收录了近期国内离子束及其相关技术领域的最新研究成果,研究内容涉及辐照过程中材料的缺陷演化、材料辐照损伤以及辐照硬化研究、材料辐照及退火后的结构演化研究、快重离子辐照器件退化行为研究、离子束材料合成与掺杂效应等。希望本专题能够对国内外研究同行有所帮助和启示,并促进该领域的合作交流与发展。

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SPECIAL TOPIC — Non-Hermitian physics

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SPECIAL TOPIC — A celebration of the 100th birthday of Kun Huang

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Virtual Special Topic — High temperature superconductivity

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官网:http://cpb.iphy.ac.cn 

          https://iopscience.iop.org/journal/1674-1056




https://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-3377544-1313946.html

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