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英文写作标点符号 “分号”的使用准则

已有 6173 次阅读 2020-3-31 13:06 |个人分类:英文学术论文写作|系统分类:论文交流| 学术写作, 英文写作, 英语写作, 英语学术论文写作



在英文写作时,标点符号该如何正确使用,许多人对此可能没有真正注意过。其实在进行学术论文写作时,遵循标点符号的使用准则也是非常重要的。举个简单的例子,如果用逗号分隔两个独立不相关的句子,这定会让读者感到困惑而影响表达力。若适当地使用分号来分隔,则可使文章更加通顺易懂。

因此,在进行英文写作的过程中,使用标点符号,如逗号comma (,), 冒号colon (:), 分号semicolon (;), 或破折号dash (—)时,有哪些准则需要被遵守呢?

本篇会介绍一下关于“分号”的使用的方法。


英文作中如何使用分(Semicolon)

 

在分隔两个独立的概念(两个独立的从句)时,我们使用分号,但前提是这两个句子是有相关性的。当陈列复杂的概念或短语,并且句中包含逗号时,适合使用分号来分隔。分号拥有逗号的功能,但包含更多意思,亦有冒号的功能,但在使用起来更加灵活。


在句中加入两个或多个概念,而这些概念互为平等时

The universe has always called to human beings; there could be no more final frontier than space.

加入两个用连接副词或转折片语连接的独立从句

Sam thought David was inviting him to the picnic to enjoy a nice day out; as it turned out, David was planning a surprise 

birthday party.

表达许多或一系列不同项,每项中包含逗号时,或者每项相对长且性质较复杂:

Our family members came all the way from Denver, Colorado; Rochester, Minnesota; and even Paris, France.

使用对等连接词连接两个独立从句(两个从句已使用逗号分隔),或者当两个从句较长时

My main research objective is to isolate the cause of the disease, as well as to contribute to the existing literature; for this will       bring an end to starvation across the continent, create new study designs related to epidemiology, and change the very                  paradigm of my research field.

 

应使用分号而非逗号的情况


错误范例The specimens were treated properly, however, they were not stored properly.

正确范例The specimens were treated properly; however, they were not stored properly.

*however表示的是连接两个独立的从句; 不要用逗号去连接两个不包含并列连词(and,   but, or, nor 等等)独立从句


错误范例The sun is wonderful: it produces light, which plants need to survive, it gives us warmth, which is useful for most life,   and it makes a sad day happier,   which is obviously a positive trait!

正确范例The   sun is wonderful: it produces light, which plants need to survive; it gives us warmth, which is useful for most life; and it makes a sad day happier, which is obviously a positive trait!

*若只使用逗号,则无法清楚的表明陈列的项目是什么。因此,要善用冒号用来分开包含逗号的项目




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