许培扬博客分享 http://blog.sciencenet.cn/u/xupeiyang 跟踪国际前沿 服务国内科研

博文

诺贝尔奖文集 1973年诺贝尔医学奖 丁伯根 荷兰动物行为学家与鸟类学家

已有 384 次阅读 2022-8-30 07:15 |个人分类:诺贝尔奖|系统分类:论文交流



尼可拉斯·“尼可”·丁伯根(Nikolaas "Niko" Tinbergen,1907年4月15日—1988年12月21日)是一位荷兰动物行为学家与鸟类学家

1973年他与卡尔·冯·弗利康拉德·洛伦兹因为在动物个体和群体行为的构成和激发方面做出了重大的贡献,共同获得诺贝尔生理学或医学奖


https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E5%B0%BC%E5%8F%AF%E6%8B%89%E6%96%AF%C2%B7%E4%B8%81%E4%BC%AF%E6%A0%B9/6302519?fromModule=lemma_inlink&fromtitle=%E5%B0%BC%E5%8F%AF%E6%8B%89%E6%96%AF%C2%B7%E5%BA%AD%E4%BC%AF%E6%A0%B9&fromid=11012704





https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21877371/


http://www.pubmedplus.cn/P/SearchQuickResult?wd=91af0cbf-3d12-403f-8e0c-c86232f3037d



Hist Psychiatry

2010 Jun;21(82 Pt 2):176-89.

 doi: 10.1177/0957154x10367875.

'Birdwatching and baby-watching': Niko and Elisabeth Tinbergen's ethological approach to autism

Chloe Silverman 1

Affiliations expand

Abstract

Biographers have largely dismissed Nikolaas 'Niko' Tinbergen's late research into the causes and treatment of autism, describing it as a deviation from his previous work, influenced by his personal desires.They have pointed to the incoherence of Tinbergen's assertions about best practices for treating autism, his lack of experience with children with autism, and his apparent embracing of psychogenic theories that the medical research community had largely abandoned. While these critiques have value, it is significant that Tinbergen himself saw his research as a logical extension of his seminal findings in the field of ethology, the science of animal behaviour. The reception of his theories, both positive and negative, was due less to their strengths or faults than to the fact that Tinbergen had inserted himself into a pre-existing and acrimonious debate in the autism research community. Debates about the relative role of environmental and hereditary factors in the aetiology of autism, and the implications of both for the efficacy of different treatments, had political and material significance for the success of parent organizations' lobbying efforts and financial support for research programmes. Tinbergen's approach was welcomed and even championed by a significant minority, who saw no problem with his ideas or methods.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by

Publication types

  • Biography

  • Historical Article

MeSH terms

  • Animals

  • Autistic Disorder / history*

  • Child, Preschool

  • Ethology / history*

  • History, 20th Century

  • Humans

  • Infant

  • Netherlands

  • Psychoanalysis / history*

  • Psychoanalytic Theory*

Personal name as subject

  • Nikolaas Tinbergen

  • Elisabeth Tinbergen

LinkOut - more resources





https://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-280034-1353200.html

上一篇:诺贝尔奖文集 1973年诺贝尔医学奖 洛伦兹 奥地利比较心理学家
下一篇:诺贝尔奖文集 1974年诺贝尔医学奖 克劳德 比利时生物学家
收藏 IP: 223.72.71.*| 热度|

该博文允许注册用户评论 请点击登录 评论 (1 个评论)

数据加载中...

Archiver|手机版|科学网 ( 京ICP备07017567号-12 )

GMT+8, 2022-12-4 16:15

Powered by ScienceNet.cn

Copyright © 2007- 中国科学报社

返回顶部