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论文的引用率不能作为测度论文创新性的唯一指标 精选

已有 3710 次阅读 2015-8-12 19:46 |个人分类:科技与创新政策|系统分类:科研笔记

   很多从事科学计量学的研究者把论文的引用率作为论文科学发现的创新性(creativity, novelty, innovativeness)的重要指标,甚至用这个指标来预测诺贝尔科学奖。

   但是,论文的引证率是受多种社会因素影响的,包括原论文作者的名气,作者与原论文作者的“关系”,以及论文引用率本身被很多大学和科研机构确定为考核指标等。

   Lee, Walsh, Wang (2015)用扎实的实证研究表明,论文的引用率受到该论文作者的数量、其科研团队规模的影响,并非与论文的创新性(novelty)存在严格的对应性,如下图所示。

 

      那么,是否可以用科学计量学指标来测度论文科学发现的创新性呢?Uzzi et.al (2013)以及Lee, Walsh, Wang (2015)进行了有益的探索,这留待下次再简述。

 

参考文献:Lee, Walsh, Wang , 2015.Creativity in scientific teams: unpacking novelty and impact. Research Policy44, 684-697.

 

延伸阅读

Yuxian Liuand Ronald Rousseau 2014. Citation analysis and the development of science: A case study using articles by some Nobel prize winners, Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology Volume 65, Issue 2, pages 281–289, February 2014.

Abstract: Using citation data of articles written by some Nobel Prize winners in physics, we show that concave, convex, and straight curves represent different types of interactions between old ideas and new insights. These cases illustrate different diffusion characteristics of academic knowledge, depending on the nature of the knowledge in the new publications. This work adds to the study of the development of science and links this development to citation analysis.

Yuxian Liu, Ronald Rousseau, (2013) "Interestingness and the essence of citation", Journal of Documentation, Vol. 69 Iss: 4, pp.580 - 589

Findings: Citations originate from the interestingness of the investigated phenomenon. The essence of citation lies in the interaction between different ideas or perspectives on a phenomenon addressed in the citing as well as in the cited articles.

 

 

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