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实例:科技论文中数据统计结果的通用写法(Statistics format)

已有 6371 次阅读 2017-6-14 10:04 |个人分类:数据处理与统计分析|系统分类:论文交流| test, 科技论文, 实例, statistical, 数据统计结果的写法

偶然看到了一个杂志的 Instructions for Authors - Specific requirements比较细致地罗列出了

“常用统计检验结果”的写作格式,如下。

各大期刊的数据统计结果的描述其实也都大同小异,下述格式较为通用,希望对科技论文写作新手有所帮助。

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Give means and standard errors/standard deviations with their associated sample size in the format: X ± SE = 35.09 ± 0.07 km, n = 15. When standard deviation/error is shown in an illustration, n should be given as well.


Statistical tests use the following formats:


(ANOVA, F (1,25) = 8.56, P = 0.035)

(Kruskal-Wallis test, H25 = 123.7, P = 0.001)

(Chi-square test, X22 = 0.23, P = 0.57)

(Paired t test, t24 = 2.33, P = 0.09)


(Linear regression, r2 = 0.94, F1,66 = 306.87, P < 0.001)

(Spearman rank correlation, rs = 0.60, N = 33, P < 0.01)

(Wilcoxon signed-ranks test, T = 7, N = 33, P < 0.05)

(Mann-Whitney U test, U = 44, N1 = 7, N2 = 24, P < 0.02)


Please either give the exact P-value of a statistical test,  or state P<0.0xxx, if this is not possible. P=0 is not valid.


上述最后一点我的理解:一定不能写 P = 0.0000,不管软件统计结果中P值后面是否全是零;根据实际情况可以写成 P < 0.0001。

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