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[转载]Time Line of Science Citation Index

已有 2142 次阅读 2014-7-6 04:27 |个人分类:知识图谱|系统分类:科研笔记|文章来源:转载


First concept of citation indexing sparked by Current Contents




The Institute for Scientific Information (now Thomson Reuters) is launched.

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Eugene Garfield and associates tested the viability and efficiency of citation indexing.

  • Garfield, et al developed two test projects that would determine the viability and efficiency of citation indexing. The first project involved the creation of a database that would index the citations of 5,000 chemical patents held by two private pharmaceutical companies. Based on this investigation and analysis, it was determined that citation indexing permitted the retrieval of relevant literature across arbitrary classifications in a way that subject- oriented indexing could not.

  • A second pilot project in 1962 involved the Institute for Scientific Information and the United States National Institutes of Health in building an index to the published literature on genetics. While this project was to test the feasibility and utility of a narrow, discipline-oriented citation index, at completion, it was concluded that the database with the most broadly based set of source publications formed the most comprehensive and useful guide to the published literature in the field of genetics.

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Nobel Laureate Joshua Lederberg used citation indexing in his field of genetics: “The power of the idea and the utility of its implementation could not be denied."

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Original Science Citation Index (SCI) is made commercially available to the research community.

  • Published in five printed volumes.

  • Divided into two author-based parts: the Source Author Index and the Citation Index.

  • By extension, institution, country of publishing and how often the paper is cited.

Garfield and colleagues Irving H. Sher and Richard J. Torpie produced his first historiograph, a linear mapping through time of influences and dependencies, illustrated by citation links, concerning the discovery of DNA and its structure. A historiograph makes it easier to see and understand a subject's key publication events, the chronology and relative influence.

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Dr. Garfield proposes the first metric that measures the impact of a journal.

  • A novel yet simple method allows one to compare large journals (Nature, Science, JAMA) with smaller specialty journals (Annual Reviews) that may not be noted if only total publication or citation counts were considered.

  • This metric would later become known as the “journal impact factor” and is still the most widely used and trusted metric to measure journal impact. Journal impact factor has become the de facto industry standard.

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First official launch of SCI Journal Citation Reports (JCR)

  • A statistical summation of the Journal Citation Index, a result of re-sorting the Author Citation Index. Instead of alphabetizing by author name, files were sorted by journal title.

  • JCR today includes every citation that appears in the more than 12,000 journal titles that it covers and has expanded to include both impact and influence metrics. In 2014, the Journal Citation Reports will be available on the next generation InCites™ platform, allowing users to explore the underlying data, conduct trend analysis overtime, customize and visualize journal networks and more.

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Garfield launched the Arts & Humanities Index. Fully indexed 1,700 arts & humanities journals, as well as selected items from over 250 scientific & social sciences journals.

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SCI became available on CD-ROM

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SCI is incorporated into the newly launched Web of Science™ Core Collection

  • Today the Web of Science Core Collection covers more than 12,000 international journals representing the main fields of science, the social sciences, and the arts and humanities, with additional coverage of scholarly books and conference proceedings.

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A new platform, ISI Web of Knowledge launched with Web of Science as one of its four anchor databases to enable researchers to seach across a variety of content types and subject areas from within a single platform. Other key content included Derwent Innovations Index, ISI ProceedingsSM, and BIOSIS Previews. ISI Web of Knowledge subscribers could now search, analyze, and manage their research information through one resource — conducting cross-content searching, navigating to a variety of Web sites through Current Contents eSearchSM, and accessing Essential Science IndicatorsSM and other scholarly resources.

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Over 100 years in the making, Century of Science was established. This dramatic expansion of coverage delivered access to important scientific literature from 850,000 journal articles from over 200 journals published between 1900-1944. Users could now access over 100 years of research consistently indexed and fully cross-searchable.

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The Chinese Science Citation Database is the first regional citation database to launch on the Web of Knowledge platform. Developed in partnership with the Chinese Academy of Science, the CSCD contains important research and citation data from China, including research trends, top authors, institutions, journal and more. InCites, a new tool for research analytics, is launched. Aggregating and unifying data from the Web of Science, InCites allows organizations to create standard or customized reports to evaluate their own research performance and compare their impact to peers from around the world with the most reliable bibliometric data available.

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The Book Citation Index (BKCI) was launched on the Web of Science Core Collection, connecting a library’s book collection to powerful new discovery tools. The first of its kind, the BKCI provides researchers the ability to quickly and easily identify and access the most relevant books and see how that content fits within the broader citation connections of its subject.

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The Data Citation Index (DCI) was launched on the Web of Science. Another first, DCI was built in close partnership with key data repositories around the world to connect digital research to powerful new discovery tools, giving researchers the ability to quickly and easily identify and access the most relevant digital research. DCI incorporates data deposited in established, curated data repositories from around the World with multidisciplinary coverage across social sciences, physical sciences, life sciences and arts and humanities.

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Users could now make connections to the broader research landscape with the addition of the SciELO Citation Index. This database gives a more complete picture by discovering new insights from research in Latin America, Spain, Portugal, the Caribbean and South Africa. This represents Thomson Reuters ongoing commitment to increasing the discoverability of regionally influential research and connecting it back to the global scholarly community..

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As part of keeping pace with the evolution of research discovery, content and metrics come together in a meaningful and accessible way with the launch of the next generation of Web of Science and InCites.

The next generation Web of Science provides users with a better research tool with a clean new interface that delivers a more intuitive user experience. It also enables easier research discovery thanks to a new collaboration with Google Scholar that facilitates the seamless movement between the open web to the Web of Science™ and its trusted content through citations. The addition of SciELO and the upcoming launch of the KCI Korean Journal Database as well as continuously expanding DCI and BKCI provides users with the most comprehensive citation content available today.

The next generation InCites makes it even easier for users to understand an organization’s research performance and impact on a global scale. With intuitive reporting capabilities that deliver sophisticated research intelligence and highly configurable, visually compelling dashboards and reports, the new InCites that helps organizations quantify the research impact of their people, programs and peers.

And integration between the new InCites and Web of Science embeds analytics from InCites, including ESI and JCR, directly within the search experience in Web of Science offering searchers at any level a guided, analytics-based search experience to more quickly and easily pinpoint the right content.

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