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How to do excellent research?

已有 3231 次阅读 2008-5-19 21:08 |系统分类:科研笔记

Zhang Xuguo

How to do excellent research? It is the question that may puzzle a lot of researchers, even if an distinguished scientist. Today, I listened a report on "Research Methodology", and took some notes. Now I will share with those who want to do excellent research. I hope it will be helpful.

1. Creativity

There are many definition for creativity in psychological literature. Creativity or creativeness is a mental process involving the generation of new ideas and concepts, or associations between existing ideas and concepts. For simplicity, it means to make someting new. Creativity must can be originality or improvement, and the important part is that it sould be useful. Creativity could be generated from nature or nurture. We must cultivate the ability from our everyday life.

2. Open mind & Curiosity

Open mind is also very important. We should diversity our knowledge, so that we could find solutions from different methods. Discuss with colleagues to exchange ideas, and learn from each other.

Curiosity, in my opinion, has the same meaning as interest. For what you do, you must be interested in it. You must curious to discover something deeper that others have not done. It is well known that interest is the best teacher.

3. Patience & Persistence & Positive attitude

There are a lot of obstacles in doing research. Maybe, you do an experiment for a long time, 3 months, a year or longer, and still you don't reach an ideal result. It is normal. Never give up! Success may come near to you, just a short time persistence.

In scientific research, everyone must have positive attitude no matter what fields you are in. Remember to be honesty.

4. Research Sequence

  • Topic selection
  • Research planning
  • Literature survey: both by yourself or guided by your supervisor
  • Problem formulation: Raise problems, model it and find methods to solve it
  • Creating new solutions: Ordinary creative ideas come out from logical thinking based on your knowledgement. Extraordinary creative ideas may come out from sudden spontaneous visions, dreams or cross-pollination from different fields. Daily meditation, practicing observation, describing and practicing imagination are needed in finding a new solution.
  • Verification of Theoretical results
  • Communication: Deliver your idea through seminars, conferences or journals. Exchange your ideas with other coleagues.

This is the first time for me to write in English. There are maybe a lot of mistakes. Wish your correction.

Finally, thanks for your consideration.

 



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