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美国独立革命时期Chappaqua的Thomas Dodge House和Meeting house

已有 2083 次阅读 2015-10-16 07:47 |个人分类:美国纪行见闻(09-11)|系统分类:海外观察|关键词:美国独立革命时期Chappaqua的Thomas,Dodge,House和Meeting,house| House, Dodge, House和Meeting

美国独立革命时期ChappaquaThomas Dodge HouseMeeting house

 

黄安年文  黄安年的博客/20151015日晚上美东时间; 16日早晨北京时间发布

 

在美国独立革命时期, Chappaqua地区是乔治·华盛顿部队控制的地盘和后方,在现今的Quaker Road 一带例如Chappaqua428Quaker RoadThomas Dodge House420Quaker RoadMeeting house,就有他们的活动遗存。资料显示:“The meeting house By 1753 the meeting house was finished. In 1776 it wouldserve as a hospital for Continental Armysoldiers injured at the nearby Battle of WhitePlains.”

 今天上午,我们来到这里参观了解,里面的人员告诉我里面的东西很杂乱,再说负责人也不在,里面就不便进去看了,可以在外面看。看来尽管是历史旧居加以保存,但是还是不能让房子白白的空着,所以有人在里面活动,也便于保存历史故居。我们拍摄了一些外景,共16张。

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****************************Old Chappaqua Historic District

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Old Chappaqua Historic  District

U.S.National Register of Historic  Places

U.S. Historic district

Tenant house, house and  currying shop for the Samuel Allen Farm, 2013

Location

Chappaqua, NY

Nearest city

White Plains

Coordinates

41°10′23″N 73°46′38″W / 41.17306°N  73.77722°W  / 41.17306;  -73.77722Coordinates: 41°10′23″N 73°46′38″W / 41.17306°N  73.77722°W  / 41.17306;  -73.77722

Area

33 acres (13 ha)

Built

1753–1850[2]

Governing body

Private homes; Chappaqua Friends Meeting  House

NRHP Reference #

74001319[1]

Added to NRHP

July 15, 1974

The Old Chappaqua Historic Districtis located along Quaker Road (New York State Route 120) in the town of New Castle, New York, United States, betweenthe hamlets of Chappaqua and Millwood. It was the original center ofChappaqua, prior to the construction of the Harlem Valley Railroad and the erection of its station to the south in themid-19th century. In 1974 it was recognized as a historic district and listed onthe National Register of HistoricPlaces.[1]

What is today Chappaqua was first settled around 1740 bya group of Quakers from Long Island. They built the still-used meeting house,the oldest known building in the town,[3]around which the district centered a decade later. The other contributingproperties, all timber frame buildings up and down the road oneither side near the meeting house, are the surviving buildings from some ofthe farms established then and later. They have been preserved intact from thattime.

Geography[edit]

The district begins on the westside of the road, approximately 0.6 mi (1 km) north of downtownChappaqua and the Saw Mill River Parkway interchange, at 332Quaker Road, just opposite Commodore Road. It follows the south line of that lot, then aline consistent with the west line of that lot through Fair Ridge Cemetery up to 478 Quaker, then turns100 ft (30 m) to follow the north line and cross the road to take in485 Quaker. It turns south at the lot corner to create a corridor 450 feet(140 m) wide with the road at the center south back to 385 Quaker, justnorth of Chappaqua Mountain Road, where it returns west to the road andcontinues back to its southern boundary.[2]

The terrain is hilly, forcing theroad through some gentle curves as it passes through the district. Despite theextensive residential development in the area, it is still heavily wooded, withmany tall trees shading the houses and few clearings. Streams in the area draininto the Saw Mill River, which rises in the woods to theeast. Quaker Roadclimbs approximate 140 feet (43 m) from south to north through thedistrict.[4]

Marker at Chappaqua Mountain Roadintersection

Within this boundary, along a0.6-mile (1 km) stretch of Quaker, are 33 acres (13 ha) with 30buildings, half of which are contributing properties. All of them, whethercontributing or not, are wood frame houses of two to three stories with gabled roofs. Thoseof more modern construction are sympathetic to their historic neighbors. Exceptfor the meeting house, all are still used as residences. In the middle of asmall grassy island at the Chappaqua Mountain Road intersection is arock with a commemorative plaque to the district attached.[2]

History[edit]

Quakers, fleeingreligious persecution in England as Dissenters, settled in British colonies duringthe 17th century. One group established a meetingon LongIsland in 1645. By the early 18th century their offshoots had crossed LongIsland Sound to Westchester County, where theyestablished Mamaroneck and Purchase by 1727.[2]

In 1730, further offshoots ofthose groups moved further inland, to Wampus Pond (now Armonk)and "Shapequaw". Ten years later one of them, John Reynolds,established a 100-acre (40 ha) farm that included the area of the futuredistrict, along Quaker Roadfrom Kipp Streetto Roaring Brook Road.By 1747 there were enough Quakers in Shapequaw that they began petitioning thePurchase meeting to establish their own. Permission was granted shortlythereafter, and Reynolds donated two of his acres (8,100 m2) to the group so it could build a meetinghouse and burial ground.[2]

The meeting house

By 1753 the meeting house was finished. In 1776 it would serve as ahospital for Continental Armysoldiers injured at the nearby Battle of WhitePlains.[2] Two years latera wing was built on it.[2]

The original Reynolds farm waseventually subdivided. Other farmers, like Samuel Allen andElnathan Thorn, built houses near the meeting house. By 1825 the area hadbecome the community of what was now known as Chappaqua.[2] The residents were largelyself-sufficient farmers with side businesses as craftsmen.[3]

That ended with the constructionof the Harlem Valley Railroad (still in use todayas Metro-North Railroad's Harlem Line) in 1846. It followed theriver valley, and so the station was built a mile(1.6 km) south of the meeting house. Gradually that area became developedand grew into the downtown Chappaqua that exists today. Allen built a couple ofsmall houses across the road from the meeting house, and cabinetmakerHenry Dodge built a large house at what is today 386 Quaker, moving the olderThorn house in the process. That was the last development in the districtrelated to the original Quaker settlers and their families.[2]

As the railroad spurred the suburbanizationof northern Westchester in the later 19th andearly 20th centuries, the meeting house and associated farm buildings remainedin use. However, the economy changed. With the railroad close by, the farmersswitched to growing cash crops for the New  York City market, and sold some of their largerlandholdings.[3]

Some buildings, such as theoutbuildings on the Thorn–Dodge property, were destroyed by the 1904 tornado. New construction in thedistrict did not replace any of the historic structures. In 1961 another wingwas added to the meeting house. There have been few other changes to the olderbuildings since then.[2]

Significantcontributing properties[edit]

Among the contributingproperties, several are particularly important in the context of the district.None have yet been listed individually on the National Register, but they areall local landmarks, carrying markers indicating what they are and their yearof construction.[5]

  • Samuel     Allen Farm, 400, 401–407 Quaker Road.     Four buildings remain standing from this farm established sometime before     1820; all were built by 1852. The currying shop, 400, is on the west side,     with the main house, tenant house and an old barn. All are similar     buildings, four bays wide and from one-and-a-half to two     stories high.[2]

Thomas Dodge House

  • Thomas Dodge House, 428       Quaker Road. Cabinetmaker Thomas Dodge and     his wife Hannah, later inhabitants of the early settlement, built this     three-by-two-bay house. Since it is on sloping ground, it is two stories     on the east but only one and a half on the west.[2]

  • Meeting House, 420       Quaker Road. Located on a slight rise above     the road, immediately to the west of the Allen properties, the meeting     house is a two-story clapboard-sided     gabled structure with a full verandah around the south and east.     Inside, chamfered wooden posts support a gallery     on three sides.[2] It is the oldest known     building in the town of New       Castle, dating to 1753.[3]

  • Reynolds–Carpenter     Farmhouse, 332 Quaker Road.     The southern end of the district is anchored by this five-bay, two-story     gabled house, one of two likely built for one of Reynolds' seven sons. Its     rear wing was added in 1850 by Robert Carpenter. North of it is a barn     from the same era, now used as a garage.[2]

  • Stony     Hollow Farmhouse, 478 Quaker Road.     This house-and-barn combination is located at the north end of the     district. The clapboard-sided house contrasts with the shingled barn, but     both are believed to have been built around 1820, with the house expanded     later in the 19th century.[2]

Sutton–ReynoldsHouse

  • Sutton–Reynolds     House, 354 Quaker Road.     Situated to the north of the Reynolds–Carpenter House, this     similarly-sized house is also believed to have been built by Reynolds for     another of his sons. It is distinguished by the two chimneys that rise     from either end.[2]

  • Thorn–Dodge     House, 386 Quaker Road.     The rear wing of this five-by-two-bay two-story clapboard-sided gabled     house is the original structure built by Elnathan Thorn. Henry Dodge moved     it here when he built the current house in 1852.

Preservation[edit]

While New Castle's zoning does not include any specialmeasures for the district, the town has other measures to protect and preserveit. Most prominently, all of the historic properties within the historicdistrict have been designated town landmarks.[5]

The town's historic preservationordinancesprovide for the designation of local landmarks.[6] A Landmarks Advisory Committee,consisting of the town historian and four residents with an interest inpreservation and development appointed by the town board to three-year terms,guides the town in not only its designation of landmarks but the preservationof those already designated.[7] Any change to an existing landmark'sexterior must be approved by the committee.[8] As allowed under New York state law, propertytaxexemptions are available to any owner of a landmarkwho restores or rehabilitates it, if they havebeen approved in advance by the committee and the town assessorcertifies that they were finished as planned.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

1.                         ^ Jump up to: ab"NationalRegister Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 

2.                        ^ Jump up to: abcdefghijklmnopLynn Beebe Weaver (October 1973). "NationalRegister of Historic Places Registration:Old Chappaqua Historic District".NewYork State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2010-12-24. See also:"Accompanyingsix photos". 

3.                        ^ Jump up to: abcd"Historyof the Town of New Castle". New Castle Historical Society. Retrieved March19, 2013. 

4.                        Jump up ^OssiningQuadrangle – New York – Westchester Co. (Map). 1:24,000. USGS 7½-minute quadrangle. U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved March18, 2013. 

5.                        ^ Jump up to: ab"NewCastle Landmarks". New Castle Historical Society. March 29, 2011. Retrieved March19, 2013. 

6.                        Jump up ^ New Castle Town Code, § 76-3, Designation of New Castlelandmarks, adopted July 28, 2009; retrieved March 19, 2013.

7.                         Jump up ^ New Castle Town Code, § 76-2, Landmarks Advisory Committee,retrieved March 19, 2013

8.                        Jump up ^ New Castle Town Code, § 76-3.1, Construction, alteration,removal or demolition of New Castle landmarks; retrieved March 19, 2013.

9.                        Jump up ^ New Castle Town Code, § 76-6, Limited tax exemption;retrieved March 19, 2013.

Externallinks[edit]

Media related to Old Chappaqua HistoricDistrict at Wikimedia Commons

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Chappaqua_Historic_District

*********************

PublicRecords for 428 Quaker Rd

Official property, sales,and tax information from county (public) records as of 12/2014:

·                            

o                                              Single Family Residential

o                                              4,556 sqft

o                                              A/C: Central

o                                              Parking Spaces: 4

o                                              Style: Colonial

o                                              Tax Rate Code Area: 553604

·                            

o                                              4 Bedrooms

o                                              Lot Size: 0.5 acres

o                                              Heating: Hot Water

o                                              Exterior Walls: Wood Siding

o                                              Fireplace

·                            

o                                              5 Bathrooms

o                                              Stories: 3 story withbasement

o                                              Parking: Detached Garage

o                                              Basement: Partial Basement

o                                              County: Westchester

http://www.trulia.com/homes/New_York/Chappaqua/sold/23466570-428-Quaker-Rd-Chappaqua-NY-10514




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