黄安年的博客分享 http://blog.sciencenet.cn/u/黄安年 我的博客宗旨:学术为公、资源共享、实事求是、与时俱进。

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加州雲林廟 The Joss House, Weaverville CA(A)

已有 511 次阅读 2018-6-7 10:04 |个人分类:纪念沉默道钉|系统分类:图片百科| Weaverville CA(A)

 

加州雲林廟 The Joss House, Weaverville CAA

推荐小灰蝶摄影图文  黄安年的博客/201867

   小灰蝶摄影图文《加州雲林廟 The Joss House, Weaverville CA》详细介绍了1855年始建,1874年重建的加州雲林廟。此时正值太平洋铁路建设之间。这不仅涉及华人在美国加州的精神寄托,而且关系那些人为建设云林庙作出奉献,他们中是否有铁路华工,从这个意义上需要认真关注云林庙中提及的华人名字。李炬先生提供了拍摄云林庙老照片中华人,他以为其中很可能里面有铁路华工。这是很重要的线束,如果和海关出入境、各大会馆、台山等四邑地区的疑似铁路华工名录向比照,哪怕解读出其中少量铁路华工,也是很有意义的事情。

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全文难以一次在科学网发布,分AB次转发,感谢小灰蝶摄影Monica Yeung Arima、李炬,及协助转换的徐菊英女士。

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bluepapillons  Photoblog 小灰蝶摄影

5 years ago

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在火山口湖住了兩天, 是時候出發去加州Weaverville看看歴史了。這是向Redding 進發, 經過漂亮的白山 (Shasta Mountain)                                                                                                       After spending two relatively relaxed days in Crater Lake, we were heading to Weaverville for some history. We passed the majestic Shasta Mountain on the way to Redding.

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遠眺白山, 可惜與背景颜色差不多, 看不清楚。The snow capped Mt. Shasta seems to have blended in with the background.

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白山的相對位置。 Diagram showing the location of Mt. Shasta.

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97號公路上看到的白山。The majestic Shasta  Mountain as seen on route 97.

2013北美西部行腳之二 : 雲林廟, 北加州                                                                              2013 Westbound – 2. The Joss House, Weaverville  CA

今年的西部行主要是陪老妻去看火山口湖, 然後是家庭聚會和探望親友, 而我自己則想順道去看看早期中國移民的遺跡。我對歷史並無多大興趣, 對中國近代史更是極力迴避。好多年前看完王統照的《山雨》後, 我就刻意不再碰這些訴說中國苦難的東西, 省得心裡難過。去年堂妹要寄龍應台的《大江大海一九四九》給我看, 我也謝絕了。過去這一百多年,中國人向外邦流徙的規模恐怕是史無前例的吧。有趣的是, 窮苦的國人(最早以粵人為主)賣豬仔式的到金山”(三藩市), 受盡勞苦, 歧視開始; 潮汕人仕到泰國拓展(據說鄭王廟紀念的鄭王就是華矞); 粤閔人仕到南洋謀生;70-80 年代臺灣學生留美潮(大家都看過《趙寧留美記》吧); 97港人移民潮; 福建同鄉冒險黃金號”(1993)的偷渡潮; 80-90年代大陸的留學潮, 乃至過去數年的國內富人移民在美加大舉以現金搶購房地產潮”…..中國移民面相有極大的改變, 這一點從紐約市和三藩市唐人街所用的方言的轉變就可見一斑。由人離鄉賤發展至人離鄉貴是頗有趣的發展, 我們畢竟是這歴史洪流的一員, 所以令我對人離鄉賤時期先民的遺跡有點興趣, 所以趁經北加州之便, 來看看這些史蹟。據說雲林廟大部份建材皆來自中國, 再由三藩市經Sacremanto 河北上, 最後用牛/馬車運入Weaverville。這段路,我們開現代的車子也得開5, 6个小時, 一百多年前, 那簡直是千山萬水呢。
map weaverilleOur trip this year was to visit a few National Parks, family reunion and visiting friends in the West. However,  my love for cultural interest summoned a few detours to see a couple of well-preserved Chinese temples built by Chinese miners during the Gold Rush (1850’s).  As you can see in the map (from the brochure of the Joss House), Weaverville is located about 50 miles west of Redding on route 299. The Chinese name of the Joss House is
雲林廟, literally Cloud Forest Temple, according to the brochure [that translate to read “The Temple of the Forest Beneath the Clouds”]. For the English name, [The term “joss” is believed to be a corruption of the Portuguese word “Deus” meaning “God”. Thus, a temple where Chinese gods were kept and worshiped was called a joss house”
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雲林廟在北加州 Redding市與Eureka 市之間299公路上一小山城Weaverville 內,由Redding開車過去約一小時可達。這個尋金熱年代的山城最多曾有二千五百華人聚居(1852年統計), 市內曾有加州當時第三大的唐人街。鎮內除中國商鋪外, 還有妓院, 鴉片煙館, 賭場和一間廟。廟始建日期不詳, 文獻上最早提及是在1855年。原廟在1873年被祝融焚毀,當地華人立即決定重䢖,並購買鄰近土地,令重建的新廟較前為大。1874 的四月,新的雲林廟落成開光, 並一直延用至今。我特意留意廟中牌匾, 炮旗各物之年號, 大多是光緒年間(1875-1908)之物, 所見最早的年號是同治十三年, 1874, 跟重建時間吻合。此廟得力於華矞 Mr. Moon Lee 先生的努力,不但追回在1934年被竊的文物, 並推動該廟被納入加州公園糸統內. 1956年雲林廟成功被納入,州政府出資修復, 目前雲林廟保存得非常良好, 走進廟中, 就恍如置身光緒年間的雲林廟。不過現在由於預算緊縮,州政府轄下的雲林廟每周只開放四天,星期一至三閉館,建議先致電查詢,見文後連接。

Hidden on the Main Street of this historic mining town is a Chinese temple, the Joss House, established in 1850’s and was part of the vanished local Chinatown. The temple is well preserved and is in a state pretty much as it was more than a century ago. Census carried out in 1852 revealed that there were as many as 2500 Chinese working in or around Weaverville. A Chinatown, said to be the 3rd largest in CA at that time, was developed to meet the need of an influx of Chinese immigrants looking for gold. In addition to a number of grocery stores, there were rooming houses, brothels, gambling halls, opium parlors and this Taoist temple which also served as a communal center. It is said that a temple was first built in the 1850’s and was burnt to the ground on 1873. Before long , some adjacent land was purchased to build a bigger temple which was finished in 1874 and is the temple standing today. Interestingly, the earliest dates marked on artifacts inside the temple I could find was 1874. This temple is surprisingly well preserved. We owe our gratitude to the previous owner, Mr Moon Lee, who worked very hard to see the temple restored and placed under the protection of the state park system which has done a good job to restore and maintain the temple to a very good condition.

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雲林寺外觀, 右為廟, 左為鄉里會所和廟祝居處, 有點像以往[左廟右學]的佈局。The front view of The Joss House, the blue section is the temple and the red section is the attendant’s quarter and community center.

為了讓大家有較清楚的槪念,我把它的平面圖和側面圖上了顔色,然後按颜色區塊列出相片。The following is a colored floor plan of the temple,  I am going to show you pictures according to the colored region on the map.

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雲林廟的平面圖。Floor Plan of the Joss House.