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重提《目睹美国威郡选举日的选举》

已有 342 次阅读 2017-9-13 08:29 |个人分类:美国所i见所闻(2017--)|系统分类:海外观察|关键词:重提《目睹美国威郡选举日的选举》

重提《目睹美国威郡选举日的选举》

黄安年文  黄安年的博客/2017年9月13日发布

按:《目睹美国威郡选举日的选举》首发在笔者著《美国纪行一个中国学者眼中的美国生活》第291-292页,文化艺术出版社,2005年11月版。曾以《目睹美国威郡(County of Westchester)选举日的选举(2003114))为题发表在学术交流网/美国问题观察/2003115栏目。

2003年11月4日是美国的选举日,美国各地举行地方官员的选举,这一天凡有美国选举权的选民将投票选举他们的地方父母官,所以是地方上的一件大事, 因为地方官的选举关系本地区居民的直接切身利益。

还在两三个月前竞选宣传已经展开。竞选县立法议员候选人的Mark Fang就挨户登门送希望选他的资料,他天我正好碰上他敲门,因而也聊了一会。他是华裔,乔治·华盛顿大学法学博士。这位年轻人一表人材,谈吐大方,从政背景良好,深得少数族裔人士拥护。为此威郡绿堡常青俱乐部的组织者B女士、L先生、G校长等知名人士发起在八月下旬举行一次华人助选聚餐会,为Mark Fang助选。威郡是美国全国排名前10位的富裕县,但是与日俱增的税费和生活费用,同样使这里的居民叫苦不迭,所以减税和减少社区居民费用负担显然是深得人心的竞选口号。上周索默斯镇地区的居民又收到了Mark Fang的促选材料,主张减税等。类似的竞选资料在近半个月内从邮箱中不断收到。

2003年11月4日我在威郡第4选区胜古山庄投票点目睹了选举投票,这个选点设在胜古山山庄社区的活动中心,离我们住地只有不到10分钟的步行路程。住在胜古山庄的居民开车来投票也不会超过10分钟的汽车路程。投票从上午7点开始直到夜间,许多选民是在上班前后下班后及中午时刻来投票的,有的学校因为选举日而宣布放假。我为了解投票选举情况前往投票站,投票站设在活动中心的会议和活动大厅内,昨天上午我们曾来活动中心散步已经注意到一些老人在那里开会,估计他们这些老人就是今天为选举服务的义工了。在活动中心进口处我还见到有人在散发促选名单上面写着“Vote for Andy Pecunia; George Dieter; Tom Troetti; Milton Kreppel; LindaBurpee; and Michael Kaplowitz”,而在这以前的几周里我们就收到他们中一些人的宣传品,

选举大厅是选民确认处,由于事前有选民登记,所以选民只要申明自己的姓名核对后就可以在选票机内进行不记名的投票选举。我向工作人员说明我并非选民,只是来现场参观,老人们十分热情地向我介绍选票的使用方法,我还被允许进入投票机前,外面有布帘拉上,以防他人观看。我注意到投票机上显示的选票和工作人员向我介绍的选票样票是一样的。由于这时才8点半,投票的人不多,没有出现排队现象,也使我有更多机会时间研究这里的投票机器,和2003年3月我在加州硅谷库比提诺所见的打孔投票不同,这比那里的要先进些,不过对于没有使用电脑投票来说,又显得落伍,恐怕和近年来的预算不足有关。选票机上列出16项选举其中不同任务和名额的官员,在每项下面分别列出民主党人、恭贺党人、独立人士等派别人选(其中有的空缺)。根据选票要求,选举人可以按照自己的意愿投票给自己满意的人,只要在候选人上点上一个yes就可以。投票机的说明和选票用英文和西文两种文字写明。,我在投票机前仔细观察投票情况,投票完成后拉动横杆并打开布帘,总共需要10分钟左右的时间,如果投票前对于所投候选人心中有数,那么时间还会短些。一般说来印象分对于选民十分重要,因为在选票上只有姓名和党派,人们对于党派和该人的熟悉度在很大程度上决定了投票倾向。

在索默斯镇除了投票站十分繁忙外,其他地方和平时一样,倒是有的学校因为选举日停课。下午5时多我在家中还接到电话促选的,说什么,如果你还没有投票的话,请投XX一票等,可见有些人对于这次投票十分的在意,而从竞选主张看显然是关系居民切身利益的事。

(写于2003年11月4日)

**********************

目睹美国威郡(County ofWestchester)选举日的选举(2003114

黄安年文发表:学术交流网/美国问题观察/2003115首发


2003114是美国的选举日,美国各地举行地方官员的选举,这一天凡有美国选举权选民将投票选举他们的地方父母官,所以是地方上的一件大事,
因为地方官的选举关系本地区居民的直接切身利益。

还在二三个月前竞选宣传已经展开。竞选县立法议员候选人的Mark Fang就挨户登门送希望选他的资料,他天我正好碰上他敲门,因而也聊了一会。他的华裔美国人(GeorgetownUniversity Law Center, Juris Doctor; Tufts University, BA in Economics, CumLaude, phi Beta Kappa; Currently, Captain, United States Army Reserves (JAGOfficer); Former NYS Assistant Attorney General, Criminal Prosecutions Bureau;Westchester County District Attorney's Office, Former Assistant DistrictAttorney; State Senator Guy Velella, Counsel; Yorktown Land Trust, BoardMember; First Presbyterian Church of Yorktown, Deacon; Yorktown Youth SoccerLeague referee and Assistant Coach; Lifelong resident of Yorktown; YorktownHigh School, Class of 1986)

这位年轻人一表人材,谈吐大方,从政背景良好,深得少数族裔人士拥护。为此威郡绿堡俱乐部的组织者鲍世莹、刘实、高为量等知名人士发起与八月下旬举行一次华人助选聚餐会,为Mark Fang助选。Mark Fang在竞选材料中称:“Here innorthern Westchester , enormous tax increasesare strangling our working families, Seniors and all homeowners. Its time toput and end to wasteful spending and excessive taxation by our Countygovernment.”他主张“Thisyear's tax bills underscore the serious need for new leadership. Withdouble-dight tax increases, Northern Westchester families are struggling toafford the heightened cost of living in our community. That must change.”威郡是美国全国排名前10位的富裕县,但是与日俱增的税费和生活费用,同样使这里的居民叫苦不迭,所以减税和减少社区居民费用负担显然是深得人心的竞选口号。上周,Somers地区的居民又收到了Mark Fang的促选材料,宣称“Mark Fangwill fight Every Day to Lower your property taxes and control wasteful countyspending”关于税收政策,他以为“Countyproperty Taxes have increased nearly 205 NEXT YEAR. These double digit countyproperty taxes are crushing regular working people and residents on fixedincomes. Our number one priority must be to provide tax relief for regularworking people, now.” On Fiscal Responsibility “Our County's AAA Bond Rating isin jeopardy after 32 years. We must downsize county government and make hardspending decisions after the out-of-control spending we have seen in the pastfew years”.“Our County Legislature watchedpassively as the County Courthouse Project reached $50 million in cost overrunsand as the Hudson HillS Golf Course went $ 10 million over budget. We need toput aside the political gimmicks and gamesmanship and concentrate on put whatcounty government is truly responsible for: oversight of county contracts andprojects!”“Out County's spending priorities are all wrong. Our countygovernment has spent millions of dollars more on political and administrativelevel staff( s0 called 'operatives' and 'spin doctors'), and on plushrenovations for their own offices, while cutting vital services in the publicsafety and health areas.”“The County disproportionately cut funding for importantnon-profit programs benefiting women and children. Domestic violence and childabuse programs were negatively impacted by the County's budget choices. TheCounty's actions caused us to forego federal and state matching funds fordesignated services. Bad for the taxpayer, bad for women and children.”

类似的竞选资料在近半个月内从邮箱中不断收到,如

2003114我在Countyof Westchester,4th L4egislative District Townof Somers, District
Heritage Hills选点目睹了选举投票,这个选点设在HeritageHills活动中心,离我们所住的East Hills只有不到10分钟的步行路程。投票从上午7点考试一直到夜间,许多选民是在上班前后下班后及中午时刻来投票的,有的学校因为选举日而宣布放假。我为了解投票选举情况,随Y迁往投票站,投票站设在活动中心的会议和活动大厅内,昨天(3日)上午我们曾来活动中心散步已经注意到一些老人在那里开会,估计他们这些老人就是今天为选举服务的义工了。在活动中心进口处我还见到有人在散发促选名单上面写着“Vote forAndy Pecunia; George Dieter; Tom Troetti; Milton Kreppel; Linda Burpee; andMichael Kaplowitz”
而在这以前的几周里我们就收到他们中一些人的宣传品,如for SomersTown CouncilGeorgeDieterTom Troettifor Town SupervisorAndy Pecunia。他们提到“Over 870 acres ofopen space Somers will disappear forever. Over development by theMurphy/Nicholson administration has caused school taxes to increase $897 peryear on the average Somers home.... With more tax increases to come!”“We pledgeto halt the over development that's driving up school taxes threatening thequality of our drinking water.”“Over the past 4 years Somers Center School Districtenrollment has increased by 389 --an increase of 14%. Over the past Somers Center School District budgethas risen from $ 41.4 million to $ 52.8 million-a increase of $11.4 million-28%. Over the past Somers Center district tax rateper thousand has increased from $ 76.38/M to $ 94.3/M-an increase of$17.94/M-23%. For a home assessed at $ 50,000 that represents a tax increase of$ 897 per year.” Linda Burpee 在宣传品中称“Somers will have a strong town court and astronger community with Linda Burpee as Town Justice”这样的宣传品已经收到了几十份,

选举大厅是选民确认处,由于事前有选民登记,所以选民只要申明已经的姓名核对后就可以在选票机内进行不记名的投票选举。我向工作人员说明我并非选民,只是来现场参观,老人们十分热情地向我介绍选票的使用方法,我还被允许进入投票机前,外面有布帘拉上,以防他人观看。我注意到投票机上显示的选票和工作人员向我介绍的选票样票是一样的。由于这时才8点半,投票的人不多,没有出现排队现象,也使我有更多机会时间研究这里的投票机器,和20033月我在加州硅谷库比提诺所见的打孔投票不同,这比那里的要先进些,不过对于没有使用电脑投票来说,又显得落伍,恐怕和近年来的预算不足有关。

选票机上列出16项选举,123Justice of SupremeCourt 9th Judicial District. (vote for any three); 4,5,6,7 County Court Judge(vote for any three); 8 Family Court judge (vote for one); 9 County Legislatordistrict (vote for one; 10 Supervisor (vote for one);11,12 Council member(voteany two); 13Town Clerk (vote for one); 14,15 Town justice (vote for any Two);16Superintendent of Highways (vote for One).在每项下面分别列出Republican, DemocraticSomers Future, Independence; Conservative, Working families, Right to Life; TaxFairness, Somers Future等派人选(其中有的空缺)。根据选配要求选举人可以按照自己的意愿投票给自己满意的人,只要在候选人上拉上一个yes就可以。不过选票上专门提醒:“ProposalNumber One, An Amendment, The Proposed amendment to Article 8, Section 5 of theConstitution would extend for ten years, until January 1 2004, the authority ofcounties, cities, towns and villages to exclude from their constitution ofsewage facilities. Shall the proposed amendment be approved?” 对于投票机的使用说明(Directionsfor Voting on the Voting Machine)指出:“Swing the handle ofthe curtain Lever from the left hand side of the machine over to the right asfar vas it will go and leave it there. This will close the Curtain around youand unlock the machine for voting. Over the name of the contesting candidatesyou will find the title of the Public Office or Party Position being contestedand a direction stating the number you may vote for. Turn DOWN THE POINTERS FOREACH over the names of the candidates you wish to Vote For (up to the maximumto be elected) and leave them DOWN. The machine is so arranged that you cannotturn down more than the proper number of Pointers for each office. Thereforeyou need have no fear of spoiling your ballot by turning down too manypointers, as the Machine will prevent you from turning down more than theproper number. Leaving the POINTERS DOWN in their voting position, swing thehandle of the CURTAIN lever to the left as far as it will go , and leave itthere. This will register your vote, return the Pointers to their firstposition, and open the Curtain. To vote for a person whose name is not printedon this ballot, you may do so by raising the numbered slide at the top of themachine which must correspond with the numbered column wherein is listed theperson for which you wish to write the name. Write the name of the person forwhich you wish to vote for and lower the slide. DO NOT raise a slide unless youintend to write a name as you will lose a vote. There is not danger of anyoneknowing how you vote as the movement of the Curtain Level returns the Pointersto their unvoting position before the Curtain begins to open, so be sure toleave the Pointer DOWN. Do not overvote . If you select a greater number ofcandidates than there are vacancies to be filed, your ballot will be void forthat public office or party position.”“If you tear, or deface, or wrongly markthis ballot , return it and obtain another. Do not attempt to correct mistakeson the ballot making erasures or cross outs. Erasures or crossouts mayinvalidate a mistake in completing the ballot or which to change your ballotchoices, you may obtain a new ballot. You have the right to a replacement uponreturn of the original ballot.”投票机的说明和选票用英文和西文两种文字写明。,我在投票机前仔细观察投票情况,投票完成后拉动横杆并打开布帘,总共需要10分钟左右的时间,如果投票前对于所投候选人心中有数,那么时间还会短些。一般说来印象分对于选民十分重要,因为在选票上只有姓名和党派,人们对于党派和该人的熟悉度在很大程度上决定了投票倾向。

Somers 地区除了投票站十分繁忙外,其他地方和平时一样,倒是有的学校因为选举日停课。下午5时多我在家中还接到电话促选的,说什么,如果你还没有投票的话,请投XX一票等,可见有些人对于这次投票十分的在意,而从竞选主张看显然是关系居民切身利益的事。

学术交流网(www.annian.net)/美国问题观察/2003115首发

http://www.annian.net/show.aspx?cid=22&id=4635




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