读博有益分享 http://blog.sciencenet.cn/u/davidzsguo gone with the wind

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稳定的橄榄球型社会

已有 3418 次阅读 2010-12-23 10:57 |个人分类:生活感悟|系统分类:人文社科

He bid me observe it, and I should always find, that the Calamities of Life were shared among the upper and lower Part of Mankind; but that the middle Station had the fewest Disasters, and was not expos’d to so many Vicissitudes as the higher or lower Part of Mankind; nay, they were not subjected to so many Distempers and Uneasinesses either of Body or Mind, as those were who, by vicious Living, Luxury and Extravagancies on one Hand, or by hard Labour, Want of Necessaries, and mean or insufficient Diet on the other Hand, bring Distempers upon themselves by the natural Consequences of their Way of Living; That the middle Station of Life was calculated for all kind of Vertues and all kinds of Enjoyments; that Peace and Plenty were the Hand-maids of a middle Fortune; that Temperance, Moderation, Quietness, Health, Society, all agreeable Diversions, and all desirable Pleasures, were the Blessings attending the middle Station of Life; that this Way Men went silently and smoothly thro’ the World, and comfortably out of it, not embarass’d with the Labours of the Hands or of the Head, not sold to the Life of Slavery for daily Bread, or harrast with perplex’d Circumstances, which rob the Soul of Peace, and the Body of Rest; not enrag’d with the Passion of Envy, or secret burning Lust of Ambition for great things; but in easy Circumstances sliding gently thro’ the World, and sensibly tasting the Sweets of living, without the bitter, feeling that they are happy, and learning by every Day’s Experience to know it more sensibly.
他说,只要我注意观察,就可以发现一点:高贵者和低微者在生活中是多灾多难的,只有在中层这个位置上祸殃最少,不像上层或低层的人那样时起时落,逆顺无常;不但如此,中间阶层的人还在于身心两方面较少病痛,不像那些挥霍无度的荒淫无耻之辈或衣食不周的累死累活之流,他们由于各自的生活方式,自然会百病丛生;他认为,只有过中间阶层的这种生活,才会产生种种美德并享受到种种乐趣;只有中产之家,才会有安宁和富足相伴相随;只有过中间阶层的生活,才具有中庸、节制等美德,才会有福气享受到安闲、健康、友情和各种令人舒心惬意的消遣和娱乐;只有这样生活,人们才可以清静安闲地过上一辈子,舒舒服服地走完人生之路,既不用费心费力地去吃尽辛苦,为了糊口而过着奴隶般的生活,也不会被繁杂的世事弄得困惑不堪,落得个心力交瘁,不得安宁;也只有在这种安居乐业的优游生活中,人们才不会受嫉妒之火和勃勃野心的煽动,才能远离苦楚,津津有味地品尝生活的甜蜜,感受到自己的幸福,而且随着一天天的过去,这种体验会越来越深切。
译文来自黄杲炘译上海译文出版社的鲁滨孙历险记


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