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如何撰写更好的研究论文

已有 876 次阅读 2020-8-25 10:10 |个人分类:论文写作|系统分类:论文交流

ISE本期博客,是由ISE总部 Lisa Clancy 博士撰写和设计的一张信息图(infographic),为我们提供了一些来帮助写出更好研究论文的有用技巧。

标题

尽量保持标题简洁而信息丰富(通常是10-20个单词)。

语义:具体好于宽泛。

pH regulation in coral ✘

Effects of light and darkness on pH regulation in three coral species exposed to seawater acidification ✓


摘要

摘要的结构应该与整篇论文一致,包括引言、目的、方法、结果和讨论。

以任何学科的科学家都能理解的宽泛的介绍性陈述开始。

最后清楚地陈述你的发现的重要性。


引言

记住倒三角规则:先宽后窄。

文献的作用:提供所有必要的信息,让读者理解你做研究的理由。


图、表标题

使用声明式标题来总结在图/表中显示的数据的结果或主要发现。

图表/表格标题应独立,即描述性强,无需参考正文即可理解。


讨论

使用清晰、简洁的文字。

句子要简短。每句话说一件事。

避免不必要的重复。


Zebrafish are often exposed to several environmental pollutants at any one time, and the potential effects induced by exposure to several environmental pollutants on zebrafish health are of great concern. ✘

Zebrafish are often exposed to several environmental pollutants at any one time, and the potential effects of this on their health are of great concern. ✓


使用主动语态

The expression of X was determined … = Passive voice ✘

We determined the expression of X … = Active voice ✓


一般写作技巧


尽量使句子主语动词紧靠

Glucose, which is made during photosynthesis from … , is a simple sugar. ✘

Glucose is a simple sugar that is made during photosynthesis from … ✓

避免长名词字符串

Our hospital established a medical services efficiency evaluation index system. ✘

Our hospital established an index system that evaluated the efficiency of our medical services. ✓

参考文献:

https://www.internationalscienceediting.com/effective-scientific-writing-tips-to-help-you-write-better-research-papers/





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