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科技英语写作基础(系列):分析abstract on team size(附“好好学习”)

已有 958 次阅读 2019-3-2 07:09 |个人分类:Scientific Writing|系统分类:教学心得| 科技英语写作

我常常改海洋、气象、气候研究的文章。今天分析一篇big data方面的摘要。 

Large teams develop and small teams disrupt science and technology


[1] One of the most universal trends in science and technology today is the growth of large teams in all areas, as solitary researchers and small teams diminish in prevalence1,2,3

好好学习:One of the most universal trends in


[2] Increases in team size have been attributed to the specialization of scientific activities3, improvements in communication technology4,5, or the complexity of modern problems that require interdisciplinary solutions6,7,8

好好学习:have been attributed to


[3] This shift in team size raises the question of whether and how the character of the science and technology produced by large teams differs from that of small teams. 

评论:用that by small teams

好好学习:the question of whether and how


[4] Here we analyse more than 65 million papers, patents and software products that span the period 1954–2014, and demonstrate that across this period smaller teams have tended to disrupt science and technology with new ideas and opportunities, whereas larger teams have tended to develop existing ones. 



[5] Work from larger teams builds on more-recent and popular developments, and attention to their work comes immediately. 


[6] By contrast, contributions by smaller teams search more deeply into the past, are viewed as disruptive to science and technology and succeed further into the future—if at all. 

好好学习:By contrast,


[7] Observed differences between small and large teams are magnified for higher-impact work, with small teams known for disruptive work and large teams for developing work. 

好好学习:Observed differences between 

[8] Differences in topic and research design account for a small part of the relationship between team size and disruption; most of the effect occurs at the level of the individual, as people move between smaller and larger teams. 

好好学习:Differences in … account for a small part of


[9] These results demonstrate that both small and large teams are essential to a flourishing ecology of science and technology, and suggest that, to achieve this, science policies should aim to support a diversity of team sizes.




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