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人参及其各种产品是怎样分类的?

已有 2761 次阅读 2016-6-13 18:42 |个人分类:妙药人参|系统分类:科普集锦| style, color, background, center, white


人参及其各种产品是怎样分类的?


根据Engler系统分类法,人参属于有管有胚植物门(Embryophyta Siphonogama)被子植物亚门 (Angiospermae)双子叶植物纲 (Dicotyledoneae)原始花被亚纲 (Archichlamydeae)檀香目 (Umbelliflorae)五加科(Araliaceae)人参属(Panax)。

同时,颇具中国特色人参的分类,还有这样的情形:

1.按历史产地分:如紫团参、上党参、辽参、辽东参、吉林参、厂参、边江参等。

2.按现在产地分:如长白人参、集安人参、抚松人参、辽宁石柱参等。

3.按果实颜色分:如红果人参、黄果人参。

4.按株茎颜色分:如紫茎人参、绿茎人参。

5.按生长环境分:如野生人参、林下参、园植人参等。

6.按炮制方法分:如生晒参、精制红参、烫通参、冻干参、保鲜人参等。

7.按商品名称分:如山参、生晒参、红参等。

因此,人参的复合式命名可以是这样的:吉林野山参、辽宁石柱参、集安边条参等。当您了解了这些情况,在阅读中医药方剂或医案时、在生活中选购人参产品时便有了基本的法眼。当然,随着时代和科技的发展,中国人参产品花色越来越多,我们还需要更多这方面的知识,我们一起去发现吧!

Classifications of Ginseng and Its Products

According to Engler Classification System,Ginseng falls into the category of Panax Genus, Araliaceae Family,Umbelliflorae Order, Archichlamydeae Sub-class, Dicotyledoneae Class, AngiospermaeSub-phylum, Embryophyta Siphonogama Phylum.

However, Ginseng’s classification with Chinesecharacteristics is such a case:

1. According to its historical origins: ZituanGinseng, Shangdang Ginseng, Liao Ginseng, Liaodong Ginseng, Jilin Ginseng,Chang Ginseng and Bianjiang Ginseng, etc.

2. According to its modern places ofproduction: Changbai Ginseng, Ji'an Ginseng, Fusong Ginseng, LiaoningShizhu Ginseng, etc.

3. According to the color of its fruit: RedFruit Ginseng and Yellow Fruit Ginseng.

4. According to the color of its stem: PurpleStem Ginseng and Green Stem Ginseng.

5.According to its growth environment: Wild Ginseng, Ginseng under Forest, and Planted Ginseng.

6.According to the processed method: Sun-dried Ginseng, Streamed Red Ginseng,Boiled Ginseng, Frozen and Dried Ginseng, Fresh Ginseng, etc.

7.According to the name of Ginseng products: Wild Ginseng, Sun-dried Ginseng,Streamed Red Ginseng, etc.

Thus, the compoundnames of Ginseng can be like this: Jilin Wild Ginseng, Liaoning Shizhu Ginseng,Ji’an Biantiao Ginseng, etc. When you understand these names, you will beequipped with some basic knowledge about Ginseng whether in reading TCM medicalliterature or purchasing Ginseng products in life. Of course, with thedevelopment of technology, a larger variety of Chinese Ginseng products would be presented in the market. Need more knowledge in this field? Let go and find it!




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