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汶川地震与山崩地裂的极高压甲烷天然气成因和机理

已有 3806 次阅读 2013-12-4 16:09 |系统分类:科研笔记|关键词:汶川地震,,山崩地裂,,核幔甲烷气,,成因机理,,地震预测| 汶川地震, 地震预测, 山崩地裂, 核幔甲烷气, 成因机理

汶川地震与山崩地裂的极高压甲烷天然气成因和机理

岳中琦

email address: yueqzq@hku.hku

香港大学土木工程系, 中国香港

摘要

笔者提出和论证了,汶川地震是由地壳深部一股海量异常高密度、高压甲烷天然气体突然破裂,逃出其闭圈围岩,再沿龙门山深大叠瓦状推覆断裂和不整合接触带,高速运移、膨胀、破裂和喷出岩层和断层造成的。山崩是一股高压气体高速运移到坚硬岩体山坡内部,将它们胀裂和快速推移造成的。地裂是一股高压气体高速运移到松软土体平地内部,将它们顶起变形和快速拉剪断裂造成的。

论文全文见《地学前缘》 2013, 20(6) 15-20 DOI:     ISSN: 1005-2321 CN: 11-3370/P

http://www.earthsciencefrontiers.net.cn/CN/volumn/current.shtml

 

Cause and mechanism of highly compressed and dense methane gas mass forWenchuan Earthquake and associated rock-avalanches and surface co-seismicruptures

Yue Zhong-qi Quentin

Department of CivilEngineering, The University of Hong Kong,

Pokfulam Road, HongKong, China

email address: yueqzq@hku.hk

Abstract

This  paper presents and shows that Wenchuan Earthquake of May 12, 2008 was caused by the rapid migration and expansion of a large amount of highly pressurized anddense methane gas mass in crustal rock masses. The dense gas mass was trappedin deep crustal rock masses. Because of increase in its pressure and mass, thedense gas mass suddenly ruptured the crustal rocks at deep Longmenshan faults with high compressions. A part of the dense gas mass escaped the trap andrapidly migrated from deep crustal rock to shallow crustal rocks along thefaults, contacts and beddings and expanded the crustal rock masses. The expanding power of the dense gas that migrated into some isolated hard rockslopes caused the rock avalanche-rock debris flows at mountains.  The expanding power of the dense gas that migrated into some isolated soil river beds and slopes caused the co-seismic ruptures at ground surfaces.  

Full paper @ EarthScience Frontiers, 2013, 20(6): 015 - 020

http://www.earthsciencefrontiers.net.cn/CN/volumn/current.shtml

 



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