[转载]水文模型大总结

BASINS流域模型系统——水文模型大套餐

SWIM水文模型（德国）

VIC水陆两用模型由华人梁旭女士读博期间牵头开发，其内核与原理与河海大学早年出生的国际名模新安江模型据称有密切的关联，可惜新安江未能以电子化产品占领国际市场，遂至美人迟暮，近年主要现身于国内水科学研究舞台。VIC模型的版权属于美国华盛顿大学等。

VIC在国内运用的典范之作可能当属河海大学吴志勇博士的全国百篇优秀博士论文《定量降雨与实时洪水预报研究》，在吴志勇博士论文的基础上，他与其导师合作撰著的《水文循环过程及定量预报》已经由科学出版社2010年出版。据该书提要称：本书详细介绍了流域水文循环关键要素大气水、降水、蒸发的计算、预报、估算的技术与方法，并分别给出了大气水分析计算实例、定量降水估算、预报技术与方法的应用实例、蒸发估算方法及其在干旱监测预测中的应用实例等；探讨了陆面过程模型和大尺度水文模型应用中的技术问题。

VIC水文模型由C语言编写，linux系统运行（可用CYGWIN等进行仿真），命令行操作，不太方便。

VIC同出一门的区域尺度水文模型—DHSVM

TOPMEDEL水文模型属于比较概化的水文模型，常被称作半分布式水文模型。

LTHIA目前作为ARCVIEW GIS的一个模块进行运行。

HBV水文模型

http://cwam.ucdavis.edu/models.htm

Watershed Modeling

This page connects you to descriptions of computer models designed to address particular watershed functions or processes. It includes models for hydrology, ecology, water quality, overall watershed condition, and other topic areas. You can scroll down through the list, or 'Quick Link' to a category of models in the pull-down list below. The model title is highlighted in the left-hand column, and its corresponding short description is to the right. Just click on th model title to go to the description, which is a 'pdf' file.

http://hydrologicmodels.tamu.edu/models.htm

Hydrologic Modeling Inventory Website

Precipitation-Runoff Models

Distributed Models

Lumped and Parametric Models

· FHAR

Environmental Models

Monthly Water Balance Models

Real Time Flow Forecasting Models

Hydraulic Models

River and Watershed Management Models

GIS Application in Hydrology and Hydraulics

Regional and Global Hydrology Models

Stochastic Models

Parameter Analysis Models

Questionnaires for the model inventory

http://water.usgs.gov/software/

Water Resources Applications Software

Alphabetical Listing

General Use

Water Quality and Chemistry

Groundwater

Statistics & Graphics

Surface Water

New or Recently Updated

The software and related documentation on these Web pages were developed by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) for use by the USGS in fulfilling its mission. The software can be used, copied, modified, and distributed without any fee or cost. Use of appropriate credit is requested. The software is provided as a minimum in source code form as used on USGS computers. In many cases, the executable runfiles also are provided for these computers.

The USGS provides no warranty, expressed or implied, as to the correctness of the furnished software or the suitability for any purpose. The software has been tested, but as with any complex software, there could be undetected errors. Users who find errors are requested to report them to the USGS. The USGS has limited resources to assist non-USGS users; however, we make an attempt to fix reported problems and help whenever possible.

Obtaining documentation and reports - Information about the availability of electronic and (or) print versions of USGS reports and documentation not included with the software distributions.

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