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Structural Botany in China|结构植物学在中国(7):郑国锠院士

已有 2206 次阅读 2017-11-19 11:22 |个人分类:Structure: Neobotany & Paleobotany|系统分类:人物纪事|关键词:中国植物细胞生物学家郑国锠院士,(Cheng,Kuo-Chang,/,Zheng,Guo-Chang,,1914--2012)| Kuo-Chang, Zheng, Guo-Chang

Structural Botany in China|结构植物学在中国(7):

中国植物细胞生物学家郑国锠院士 (Cheng Kuo-Chang / Zheng Guo-Chang, 1914--2012)

Chinese plant cell biologist Cheng Kuo-Chang or Zheng Guo-Chang (郑国锠, 1914—2012), a member (or academician) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences

DSCN9778-structural botany logo-29.jpg

A brief chronology of Chinese plant cell biologist Cheng Kuo-Chang of Zheng Guo-Chang (郑国锠,1914--2012), a member (or academician) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences

--1914:  Born in Chang-Shu County, Jiangsu Province, China(江苏常熟县);

--1934:  Graduated from Tai-Chang High School (江苏太仓中学);

--1934:  Enrolled into Department of Hygienic Education, College of Health and Management of Jiangsu Province in Zhen-jiang [江苏医政学院(镇江)];

--1935: Graduated from the College of Health and Management of Jiangsu Province in Zhen-jiang, and worked at the Education Bureau of Chang-Shu County, Jiangsu Province;

--1938:  Enrolled into the Department of Natural History, Normal School of National Central University in Chongqing (国立中央大学师范学院博物系--重庆) and became one of Dr. Tuan Hsu-Chuan’s (段续, 1902--1989) students; [NB: In 1937 National Central University was moved from Nanjing to Chonqing. Tuan Hsu-Chuan received his Bachelor degree (1927) and M.S. degree (1928) from the Department of Botany of the Stanford University, and obtained his Ph.D. degree from the Department of Botany of University of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, PA) in 1930. Dr. TuanHsu-Chuan is believed to be a pioneer of plant cell biology in China.]

--1943:  Graduated from the National Central University in Chongqing, received a Bachelor degree and then worked at the University; [Cheng Kuo-Chang and his wife Tung Yün-Hsü (仝允栩, 1919—2010) were peer classmates of National Central University in Chongqing. Tung Yün-Hsü graduated from this university in 1943.]

--1944: Became the first graduate student of Dr. Tuan Hsu-Chuan’s  in the National Central University;

--1947:  Completed an M.S. thesis in the summer of 1947, entitled “Integrative studies on the origin and structure of salivary gland chromosome of Chironomus and their relationship with nucleolus”(《摇蚊唾液腺染色体的来源、结构及其与核仁关系的综合研究》) and obtained an M.S. degree; [NB: In 1946 National Central University was moved back to Nanjing.]

--1948:  Left China for USA in January of 1948 and studied at the Department of Animal and Entomology, the University of Tennessee (Knoxville);  Transferred to the Department of Botany, University of Wisconsin (Madison) in July 1948 and studied with Charles Leonard Huskins (1897--1953)who specialized in the field of cyto-genetics;

--1949:  Published the following paper in the Journal of Heredity--

SEGREGATION AND REDUCTION IN SOMATIC TISSUES: II. The Separation of Homologous Chromosomes in Trillium Species

GB Wilson, KC Cheng - Journal of Heredity,1949 - academic.oup.com

G.B. WILSON K.C. CHENG, SEGREGATION AND REDUCTION IN SOMATICTISSUES: II. The Separation of Homologous Chromosomes in Trillium Species. Journal of Heredity, Volume 40, Issue 1, 1 January 1949, Pages 3–6.

https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.jhered.a105949

[ NB: From February 1949 to February 1951 Tung Yün-Hsü (仝允栩, 1919—2010) also studied at the Department of Botany, University of Wisconsin (Madison).]

--1950: Published the following paper in the Journal of Heredity--

Segregation and reduction in somatic tissues. IV. Reductional groupings induced in Allium cepa by low temperature.

CL HUSKINS, KC Cheng - Journal of Heredity,1950 - cabdirect.org

Huskins CL, Cheng KC.,1950. Segregation and reduction in somatic tissues. IV. Reductional groupings induced in Allium cepa by low temperature. Journal of Heredity.  41(1): 13-8.

--1950:   Completed a doctoral thesis in December1950, entitled “A quantitative analysis of a type of reductional mitosis induced in Allium cepa by low temperatures(《低温处理下洋葱体细胞染色体减数的定量分析》)”;

Title: A quantitative analysis of a type of reductional mitosis induced in Allium cepa by low temperatures(《低温处理洋葱体细胞染色体减数的量分析》)

Cheng, Kuo Chang, 1914-

Subject: Mitosis, Onions, Allium

Format: Manuscripts, Theses; Microforms

Publication:1950

Physical details: 71 leaves : illustrations, charts, photographs, tables ; 29 cm

OCLC: ocm49940164, ocn827279694

Notes:Typescript;  Vita; Thesis(Ph.D.)—University of Wisconsin—Madison, 1951

Bibliography: leaves 43—52

https://search.library.wisc.edu/catalog/999873586602121

--1951--2012: Returned to China after Tung Yün-Hsü (仝允栩,1919—2010) completed her M.S. thesis in February 1951, entitled “Somatic reduction in tetraploid Rhoeo discolor”;

https://search.library.wisc.edu/catalog/999994315402121

The couple began to work at the Department of Biology, University of Lanzhou (兰州大学) in Gansu Province (甘肃省), northwestern China; [NB: Tung Yün-Hsü (仝允栩, 1919—2010) made two-year study visit to the Department of Biology and Pedology of Moscow State University from 1957 to 1959.]

--1977: Began to write a textbook about cell biology;

--1980:  The textbook--Cell Biology (1stedition, in Chinese) appeared (People’s Education Press, Beijing); Elected to be a member or Academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences;

--1980—1983:  Served as vice president of the Chinese Society for Cell Biology;

--1992: The textbook--Cell Biology (2ndedition, in Chinese) appeared (Higher Education Press, Beijing);  

--2010: [ NB--Tung Yün-Hsü (仝允栩, 1919—2010) died in Lanzhou at age of 91];

--2012:  Cheng Kuo-Chang or Zheng Guo-Chang (郑国锠, 1914—2012) passed away in Lanzhou at age of 98.

---------------

         郑国锠(Cheng Kuo-Chang / Zheng Guo-Chang, 1914--2012) 是中国知名植物细胞生物学家。1943年毕业于重庆国立中央大学师范学院博物系。1944年在重庆国立中央大学跟随中国植物细胞生物学先驱人物--段续川先生 (Tuan Hsu-Chuan, 1902--1989) 进行研究生学习,1947年获硕士学位。1950年,郑国锠毕业于美国威斯康星大学植物系,获博士学位,他的导师是细胞遗传学家Charles Leonard Huskins (1897--1953)

         19514月起,郑国锠一直供职于兰州大学生物系,长达60多年。郑国锠主要致力于植物细胞融合和细胞工程的研究。他主持编写的《细胞生物学》是中国著名的教材之一。1980年,郑国锠当选为中国科学院生物学部委员(院士)。

--1914:  出生江苏常熟县;

--1934:  毕业于江苏太仓中学;

--1934:  赴江苏镇江,入学江苏医政学院卫生教育科;

--1935: 毕业江苏医政学院,供职于江苏常熟县教育局;

--1938:入学内迁至重庆的国立中央大学师范学院博物系,成为中国植物细胞生物学先驱人物--段续 (Tuan Hsu-Chuan, 1902--1989) 的学生;

--1943: 毕业于重庆的国立中央大学师范学院博物系获学士学位后留校任教;  [注:夫人仝允栩 (Tung Yün-Hsü, 1919--2010)郑国锠为大学同学,同年毕业于中央大学师范学院博物系]

--1944: 在重庆跟随段续 (Tuan Hsu-Chuan,1902--1989)攻读硕士学位;

--1947: [注:国立中央大学已经迁回南京。]该年夏,完成硕士学位论文《摇蚊唾液腺染色体的来源、结构及其与核仁关系的综合研究》,获硕士学位;

--1948: 该年1月,赴美国留学,到田纳西大学动物昆虫系学习;同年7月,到威斯康星大学植物系,跟随细胞遗传学家Charles Leonard Huskins (1897--1953)攻读博士学位;

--1949: 发表论文

SEGREGATION AND REDUCTION IN SOMATIC TISSUES: II. The Separation ofHomologous Chromosomes in Trillium Species

GB Wilson, KCCheng - Journal of Heredity, 1949 -academic.oup.com

[注:19492月至19512月,夫人仝允栩 (Tung Yün-Hsü, 1919--2010)在美国威斯康星大学植物学系细胞学室学习。]

--1950: 发表论文--

Segregation and reduction in somatic tissues. IV. Reductional groupings induced in Allium cepa by low temperature.

CL HUSKINS, KC Cheng - Journal of Heredity, 1950 -cabdirect.org

--1950:   该年底,完成博士学位论文,题目是“A quantitative analysis of a type of reductional mitosis induced in Allium cepa by low temperatures(《低温处理下洋葱体细胞染色体减数的定量分析》);

--1951--2012: 1951年初,携夫人--威斯康星大学硕士仝允栩 (Tung Yün-Hsü, 1919--2010)一起返回到中国,很快任教于兰州大学生物系,一直到2012年去世;

--1957--1959: [注:仝允栩赴莫斯科大学生物土壤系胚胎学教研室进修学习];

--1977: 开始编写教科书--《细胞生物学》;

--1980: 该年初,《细胞生物学》(1)由人民教育出版社(北京)正式出版;同年,当选为中国科学院生物学部委员(院士);

--1980—1983: 担任中国细胞生物学会副理事长;

--1992:  《细胞生物学》(2)由高等教育出版社(北京)正式出版;

--2010: [注:仝允栩在兰州去世,享年91];

--2012: 郑国锠兰州去世,享年98

参考文献()

---------------

Lectures on Neobotany &Palaeobotany-29 (in total)

Structural Botany: Neobotany +Paleobotany (No.29 in total)

Structural Botany in China|结构植物学在中国(7):

中国植物细胞生物学家郑国锠院士 (Cheng Kuo-Chang or Zheng Guo-Chang,1914--2012)

Chinese plant cell biologist Cheng Kuo-Chang or Zheng Guo-Chang (郑国锠, 1914--2012), a member (or academician) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [by QSun,Nov. 2017]

Relevant links:

Lectures on Neobotany and palaeobotany: a teaching project and catalogue

古今植物学大讲堂(工作目录)

http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-225931-1031964.html(2017-2-6 21:44)

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Structural Botany in China|结构植物学在中国(1):

从张景钺(1895--1975)谈起

Zhang Jing-yue (Chang Ching–Yue, 1895--1975)—a pioneer of Chinese plant morphology& anatomy

Structural Botany: Neobotany+Paleobotany (No.23)

http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-225931-1082854.html

2017-10-29 10:42

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Structural Botany in China|结构植物学在中国(2):

Yen, Tsu-Kiang (严楚江, 1900--1978), a famous plant morphologist in China

Structural Botany: Neobotany + Paleobotany (No.24)

http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-225931-1084388.html

2017-11-9 00:07

----

Structural Botany in China|结构植物学在中国(3):

中国木材解剖学开拓者唐耀(1905--1998)

TANG Yao (1905--1998), a pioneer of wood anatomy in China

Structural Botany: Neobotany + Paleobotany (No.25)

http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-225931-1084842.html

2017-11-11 23:01

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Structural Botany in China|结构植物学在中国(4):

中国植物细胞生物学先驱人物--段续川 (Tuan Hsu-Chuan,1902--1989)  

Tuan Hsu-Chuan (段续川, 1902--1989), a pioneer of plant cell biology in China

Structural Botany: Neobotany + Paleobotany (No.26)

http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-225931-1085434.html

2017-11-16 08:40

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Structural Botany in China|结构植物学在中国(5):

中国杰出的植物细胞生物学家吴素萱 (WU Su-Hsuen, 1908--1979)

Distinguished Chinese plant cell biologist WU Su-Hsuen (吴素萱, 1908--1979)

Structural Botany: Neobotany + Paleobotany (No.27)

http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-225931-1085438.html

2017-11-16 08:55

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Structural Botany in China|结构植物学在中国(6):

中国结构植物学家王伏雄院士 (Wang Fu-Hsiung, 1913--1995)

Chinese structural botanist Wang Fu-Hsiung (王伏雄, 1913--1995), a member or academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences

Structural Botany: Neobotany + Paleobotany (No.28)

http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-225931-1085881.html

2017-11-19 11:11

---

Structural Botany in China|结构植物学在中国(7):

中国植物细胞生物学家郑国锠院士 (Cheng Kuo-Chang / Zheng Guo-Chang, 1914--2012)

Chinese plant cell biologist Cheng Kuo-Chang or Zheng Guo-Chang (郑国锠, 1914—2012), a member (or academician) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences

Structural Botany: Neobotany + Paleobotany (No.29)

http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-225931-1085884.html

2017-11-19 11:22

---

Structural Botany in China|结构植物学在中国(8):

中国杰出的木材学家成俊卿 (Cheng Chün-Ch'ing,1915--1991)

成俊卿 (Cheng Chün-Ch'ing,1915--1991) : 为木材学而生!

Chinese wood scientist Cheng Chün-Ch'ing (成俊卿, 1915--1991)who was made for xylology!

Structural Botany: Neobotany + Paleobotany (No.30)

http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-225931-1086734.html

2017-11-25 09:45

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StructuralBotany in China|结构植物学在中国(9):

中国植物形态解剖学名师李正理教授(LEE Cheng-Lee, 1918--2009)

Distinguished Chinese structural botanist LEE Cheng-Lee (李正理, 1918--2009)

Structural Botany: Neobotany + Paleobotany (No.31)

http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-225931-1086737.html

2017-11-25 10:00

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Structural Botany in China|结构植物学在中国(10):

中国植物解剖学家喻诚鸿 (Ch'eng-Hung, 1922--1993)

Chinese plant anatomist Ch'eng-Hung (喻诚鸿, 1922--1993)

Structural Botany: Neobotany + Paleobotany (No.32)

http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-225931-1087481.html

2017-11-29 21:16

(To be continued)




http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-225931-1085884.html

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