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How to get a paper published - 关于论文发表(原文及译文) 精选

已有 14931 次阅读 2008-7-21 23:45 |系统分类:海外观察

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After you have followed all the advices on how to write a paper, had it submitted to a journal of your choice, here are things you should do:
1.       If the editor and the journal are established and responsible, you should receive an acknowledgement within two weeks. Otherwise, you should post an inquiry. Manuscripts do get lost at times.
2.       Once receipt is acknowledged you should wait patiently for a review decision. I personally suggest that if you have not heard from the journal in four months time, then you should politely write to the editor to inquire about progress on the review. Since occasionally there are irresponsible editors and reviewers. Once they agreed to process your paper, they owe you some timely response. But be polite and professional in your dealings. Remember reviewing a manuscript is a volunteer activity. As authors, “demanding” actions will get you nowhere.
3.       Finally the reply came back from the editor. If the editor accepted the paper without modification or with request for minor revisions only, congratulations!
4.       More likely than not, the paper is not accepted as is and the editor wants major revisions and re-review; or worse, the paper is rejected. In either case, you have some decisions to make. Here I offer my own experience on what to do next.
5.       If the paper is rejected outright, then you need to decide if the decision is justified. Most of the time, this is done with good reason including value judgment. The author should accept and learn from the experience. On the rare occasion when you think a real injustice has been committed and you want to protest, you better do it with very strong evidence and well supported reasons. Furthermore, if you balance your action against the cost of protest often times you will realize it is not worth the trouble. For almost everyone, you will only have truly significant discovery a couple of times in your entire life. No one said the world is fair and most of the time, it is not worthwhile to get angry with the “small stuff”. 
6.       Most reviewers are fair and have constructive things to say which you should consider carefully when attempting to revise your paper. Try not to get annoyed by the sometimes sarcastic remarks of the reviewer. Often time it is their chance to payback when they were on the receiving end as authors. Thus, don’t be sarcastic and mean in responding to their reviews. Getting angry will only hurt your cause. As the saying goes “don’t get mad, get even by having your paper accepted”
7.       When responding to a reviewer with your revised manuscript and/or specific replies, remember that months probably has gone past sincethe reviewer read your paper and wrote his/her review. Make the job easy and pleasant for him. First write a general covering letter to each reviewer thanking him or his effort and comments. Then promise that you have considered each of his comments and what you have done and responded to each. Finally reproduce his review and give your reply side by side for each remark. Remember, by this time most reviewer probably has forgotten what he said about your paper. You need to make things easy and to remind him. Also showing you took his comments seriously will impress him with your effort and sincerity.
8.       If you did #6 and #7 above well, you need not agree with everything the reviewer said. But if you must disagree, do it professionally and with no rancor. Above all, explain why you cannot do what he suggests with a good reason. Fair referees and editors will respect you.
9.       Above all, remember your task is to win over the reviewer and not to fight with him. The playing field between a reviewer and an author is NOT level. You can seldom win a fight with an editor or reviewer.
10.   Finally, I fully realize under current practice in China, quantity of publication is all important. This together with the relative lack of punishment have led to all kinds of  incentives for aberrant and unethical behavior. However, if China is going to take her rightful place among nations, she will eventually have to confirm to established custom and traditions of academia. The emphasis on quantity will soon pass and you will regret if you give in to such incentives in the short term.











10,最后,我完全明白,在目前的中国,论文发表数量是最重要的。这一点,加上惩罚措施相对缺失,触发了各种各样的异常行为和学术不端行为。然而,如果中国打算取得她应有的国际地位,早晚有一天必须遵守国际学术惯例和学术传统。对量的强调很快就会过去,如果你屈服于眼前的这些短期利益的刺激的话,将来会后悔不迭的。(科学网 梅进译 何姣校)


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