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[转载]Artificial Intelligence in 2030

已有 3883 次阅读 2016-9-13 05:21 |个人分类:S and T|系统分类:海外观察|文章来源:转载

For newreaders and those who request to be “好友 good friends”  please  read my 公告first.


I havewritten earlier in my blog about “AI” vs “IA” http://blog.sciencenet.cn/home.php?mod=space&uid=1565&do=blog&id=414924 . This blog is also the title of thefirst report of the “One Hundred Year Study of AI” project of StanfordUniversity chaired by Barbara Grosz (Professor of computer Science at thePaulson School of Engineering at Harvard University). The report is available for download at https://ai100.stanford.edu/sites/default/files/ai_100_report_0906fnlc_single.pdf .

To quote thepreface of this report “The OneHundred Year Study on Artificial Intelligence, launched in the fall of 2014, isa long term investigation of the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and itsinfluences on people, their communities, and society. It considers the science,engineering, and deployment of AI-enabled computing systems. As its coreactivity, the Standing Committee that oversees the One Hundred Year Study formsa Study Panel every five years to assess the current state of AI. The StudyPanel reviews AI’s progress in the years following the immediately priorreport, envisions the potential advances that lie ahead, and describes thetechnical and societal challenges and opportunities these advances raise,including in such arenas as ethics, economics, and the design of systemscompatible with human cognition. The overarching purpose of the One HundredYear Study’s periodic expert review is to provide a collected and connected setof reflections about AI and its influences as the field advances. The studiesare expected to develop syntheses and assessments that provide expert-informedguidance for directions in AI research, development, and systems design, aswell as programs and policies to help ensure that these systems broadly benefitindividuals and society. . . . The Study Panel further narrowed its inquiry to eight domainswhere AI is already having or is projected to have the greatest impact:transportation, healthcare, education, low-resource communities, public safetyand security, employment and workplace, home/service robots, and entertainment.. . . . The report is designed to address four intended audiences. For thegeneral public, it aims to provide an accessible, scientifically andtechnologically accurate portrayal of the current state of AI and itspotential. For industry, the report describes relevant technologies and legaland ethical challenges, and may help guide resource allocation. The report isalso directed to local, national, and international governments to help thembetter plan for AI in governance. Finally, the report can help AI researchers,as well as their institutions and funders, to set priorities and consider theethical and legal issues raised by AI research and its applications.

Here are thetable of content of the report:

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PREFACE

EXECUTIVESUMMARY                                                                                    4

OVERVIEW                                                                                                     6

SECTIONI: WHAT IS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE?                                          12

Defining AI                                                                                                        12

AI Research Trends                                                                                           14

SECTIONII: AI BY DOMAIN                                                                              18

Transportation                                                                                                   18

Home/Service Robots                                                                                       24

Healthcare                                                                                                         25

Education                                                                                                         31

Low-resource Communities                                                                                35

Public Safety and Security                                                                                 36

Employment and Workplace                                                                              38

Entertainment                                                                                                    40

SECTION III: PROSPECTSAND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR AI

PUBLICPOLICY                                                                                               42

AI Policy, Now and in the Future                                                                         42

APPENDIXI: A SHORT HISTORY OF AI                                                                                             50

Read the report at your pleasure for things to come





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